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According to Roman mythology, Romulus and Remus are two twin brothers, one of whom, Romulus, was the founder of the city of Rome and its first king.
Legend has it that Romulus and Remus were the sons of the Greek god Ares, or Mars, his Latin name, and the mortal Reia Silvia (or Rhea Silvia), daughter of Numitor, king of Alba Longa.
Amulius, the brother of King Numitor, took a coup, seized the crown and made Numitor his prisoner. Rhea Silvia was confined to chastity, so that Numitor would not have offspring. However, Mars married Reia who gave birth to the twins Romulus and Remus. Amulius, the tyrant king, upon learning of the birth of the children threw them into the Tiber. The stream hurled them by the river and were found by a wolf, who would have nursed them and cared for them until they were found by Pastor Fáustulo, who along with his wife raised them as children.
Romulus and Remus and the foundation myth
When Remus became an adult, he was unwell with neighboring shepherds, who took him and brought him to the presence of King Amulius, who imprisoned him.
When Faustus revealed to Romulus the circumstances of his birth, he went to the palace and freed his brother, killed Amulius, and freed his grandfather Numitor. Numitor rewarded his grandchildren by giving them the right to found a city by the Tiber.
The two consulted the omens and proceeded to the area intended for the construction of the city. Remus went to the Aventine and saw six vultures flying over the mount. Romulus going to the Palatine spotted twelve birds, then made a furrow around the hill, marking the Pomerium, the holy ground of the new city. Remus, jealous that he was not the chosen one, mocked his brother and, in a leap, crossed the furrow being killed by Romulus, who buried him in the Aventine.
Romulus, after the founding of the city, bothered to populate it. He created the Capitol as a refuge for all the banished, debtors, and murderers in the area. News of the new city spread and the first inhabitants were arriving, mainly Latinos and Sabinos. Romulus, after a long battle with the Sabines, made an agreement with Titus Tacius, his king, and with him reigned under one nation in the great city of Rome.
Romulus is also attributed to the institution of the Senate and Curias.