Cultural Aspects of the Northeast Region

Cultural Aspects of the Northeast Region

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The northeast culture has its own characteristics inherited from the influence of the culture of the Portuguese colonists, blacks and Indians.

It is noteworthy that culture represents a complex web, which contains the knowledge, customs, arts, beliefs, religious cults, popular literature, dances and habits of a particular group or region.

Thus, the culture of northeastern Brazil, a region formed by the states of Maranhão, Piauí, Ceará, Rio Grande do Norte, Paraiba, Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe and Bahia, developed its own habits in relation to other regions and cultural manifestations, inherited from generation to generation.

Some of the most outstanding cultural manifestations in the northeastern region of Brazil are: popular poetry, handicrafts, June festivals, Reisado, capoeira, frevo, cuisine and Afro-Brazilian religions.

Popular poetry

In the Northeast Region, popular poetry is represented by cordel literature, recited or published in leaflets.

This kind of poetry relates the customs and beliefs of the people, in which the characters can be real or fictional. The repentistas are the singers who spread the popular poetry of northeastern culture.

Literature of twine


The handicraft of the northeast region is quite diverse, with the production of decorative and utilitarian works, made in ceramics, wood, shells, lace, among other materials. The art of lace was brought by the Portuguese, where the lace woman is a typical character of northeastern culture.

Northeastern lace woman

Bobbin lace, also called land lace, is the typical northeast lace