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Until 1961, Berliners could move freely around the city.
However, with the intensification of the Cold War and the great migration of Berliners from the East to the West, in August 1961 the East German government decided to build a wall dividing the two sectors.
It also enacted laws prohibiting the passage of people to the western sector of the city.
Soldiers work on building the wall
The wall did not respect houses, buildings or streets. East German police and soldiers prevented and even killed anyone trying to break through the wall. Many families were separated overnight. The wall had electric alarm fences, 255 race tracks for fierce guard dogs, and ditches to make it difficult to get through. There were about 300 surveillance towers with soldiers ready to fire.
Larger symbol of the Cold War, the Berlin Wall divided Germany for two years into two blocks: the Democratic Republic of Germany - which followed the Soviet-led socialist regime - and the Federal Republic of Germany - conducted under the capitalist regime.
Division of blocks
On November 9, 1989, after hearing a statement from the Communist authorities on the radio that East German citizens, the GDR, could at that very moment have the right to travel to the West, a mass of people it began to pile up in front of the gates that led through the wall. Thus, spontaneously, they took the first steps to end the existence of that wall that separated the Germans into two distinct bodies, into hostility that separated the whole of humanity into two enemy factions.
East Germans line up to cross wall after fall
After the fall, the authorities chose to leave a symbolic part of the wall standing. This is an extension of 1,300 meters, in which several international artists painted in 1990 their interpretation of the "Wall of Shame". Thus, the Berlin Wall has become a huge open-air gallery, where you can enjoy art on concrete.
Art about the wall today