The story

Frederick Palmer

Frederick Palmer


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Frederick Palmer was born in Pleasantville, Pennsylvania, on 29th January, 1873. Palmer attended Allegheny College in Meadville, before becoming a journalist in New York City. He eventually joined the New York World and in 1897 he covered the Greco-Turkish War. Palmer also reported on the Philippine-American War (1899), Boxer Rebellion (1900) and the Boer War (1901-02).

Palmer who also worked for Collier's Weekly, Everybody's Magazine and the New York Globe also reported on the Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905) and the Balkan War in 1912. While in Mexico City in 1914 he was arrested while covering the Tampico Affair.

On the outbreak of the First World War Palmer went to the Western Front. Other journalists there included Floyd Gibbons, Richard Harding Davis, Philip Gibbs, Percival Phillips, Wythe Williams, William Beach Thomas, Albert Rhys Williams, Henry Perry Robinson, Herbert Russell, Damon Runyon, Edwin L. James and William Bolitho.

When the United States entered the war in 1917 General John Pershing asked him to take on the task of press accreditation for the American Expeditionary Force (AEF). He agreed to the task and was accorded the rank of Colonel. He immediately clashed with the journalists Heywood Broun of the New York Tribune and Ruth Hale of the Chicago Tribune. They arrived with the first U.S. troop-bearing convoy. Their first articles covered the arrival at Saint-Nazaire but Palmer sat on their stories for five days on the theory that the arrival of the convoy would be of crucial interest to the enemy. When Broun complained, Palmer offered to resign his commission if any of his critics would take over his thankless job. Palmer subsequently became the first war correspondent to win the U.S. Army's Distinguished Service Medal.

Frederick Palmer, who published an autobiography, With My Own Eyes (1933) died on 2nd September, 1958.

Heywood Broun wanted to write what he saw. At first he confined his protests to a special salute when handing copy to the head censor. Major Frederick Palmer, a famous correspondent of the Russo-Japanese War and other wars. The salute consisted of a wave of his hand from the forelock, accompanied by an ironical smile. He succeeded in getting through a few lines about an order forbidding purchase of champagne by men of the lower ranks but little else.


Our History Has Made Us Strong

A graduate of Claflin College, Orangeburg, S.C., Edmund Perry Palmer completed his professional training at the Renouard School of Mortuary Science, New York, in 1925 and began his practice as a licensed funeral director and embalmer. Mr. Palmer was a proud member of the Omega Psi Phi Fraternity, Epsilon Omega Chapter of 1934. He gained experience with the Mutual Undertaking Company and as a partner with Nelson, Lawson, Palmer. In 1933, he and his wife Ellie Dibble Palmer, opened the present funeral home on South Main Street in Sumter. A leader in his community and profession, he established the first ambulance service in Sumter County. His compassion and love for people were demonstrated in many ways: providing food and clothing for those in need, assisting the unemployed and homeless, helping to educate young people and giving generously to churches and the community. Edmund Perry and Ellie Dibble Palmer had four sons, two of whom continued in the funeral profession, Robert John Palmer and Edmund Perry Palmer, Jr..

Robert John Palmer was educated at Mather Academy in Camden, S.C., West Virginia State College and Renouard School of Mortuary Science in New York. He completed post graduate training in funeral management from the National Foundation of Funeral Service in Evanston, Illinois. He believed in continuing his education, which he did though out his lifetime as a licensed funeral director and embalmer. He joined the family business in 1948, one year before his father died. Throughout the years, Robert John Palmer followed the family tradition of service and accomplishment. He was involved in civic leadership roles, supported many causes and played an integral part in business and professional organizations to improve the quality of life and opportunity for all persons. He was married to Theodis (Theo) Parsons Palmer and they had two daughters, Lorin Peri and Vikki Laurence.

Edmund Perry Palmer, Jr. (E. Perry) was literally born in the funeral home in 1935, began working with his parents at the funeral home as a young boy and knew that it was his lifelong ambition. In 1957, after graduating from Mather Academy, Camden North Carolina A & T College, Greensboro and the American Academy of Funeral Service, New York, E. Perry Palmer became a full-time member of the firm in Sumter. In 1970, he and his wife, Grace Brooks Palmer moved to Columbia and purchased the former Johnson Funeral Home. In 1982, after a fire destroyed the facility, the business was renamed Palmer Memorial Chapel to reflect the family name. E. Perry Palmer was the recipient of numerous awards and citations including the Humanitarian of the Year Award. The late E. Perry and his wife had two children, Brooks Naudin and Ema Pinn Palmer.

Lorin Peri Palmer represents the third generation of the Palmer family in the funeral profession. She has continued the family tradition of "firsts" by becoming: the only woman in Sumter County to earn a degree in Mortuary Science, to become a Certified Preplanning Consultant through the National Funeral Directors Association and a member of the State Board of Consumer Affairs, Pre-Need Advisory Board. She is also a graduate of Mather Academy, Camden Duke University, Durham, N.C. attended Howard University, Washington, D.C. and Oxford University in England. After holding positions of responsibility in Washington, D.C., she completed her mortuary training at the Gupton Jones College of Funeral Service in Atlanta, Ga.. As a licensed funeral director and embalmer, she continues in the family tradition of life-long learning, service to the community, outreach and ministry to those in need. She is the mother of a son, Palmer Augustus Douglas Fielding.

Palmer Augustus Douglas Fielding represents the fourth generation of the Palmer family in the funeral service profession. He is the son of Lorin Peri Palmer and Frederick Augustus Fielding. He was educated at Heathwood Hall Episcopal School in Columbia, attended the University of Virginia in Charlottesville, and completed his mortuary training at the Gupton-Jones College of Mortuary Science in Atlanta. After successfully passing both national and state board examinations, he completed his dual apprenticeship at Palmer Memorial Chapel and is a fully licensed funeral director and embalmer. Palmer takes pride in providing the spectrum of care from the initial contact with families to the funeral service with compassion and professionalism.

Vikki Laurence Palmer is the sibling of Lorin Peri Palmer and the daughter of Robert John Palmer and Theodis Parsons Palmer. Ms. Palmer is a proud graduate of Spelman College. Vikki relocated back to South Carolina, after her uncle E. Perry Palmer transitioned, to work in the family business and protect its legacy. Upon returning, she became the Director of Marketing and Social Media. She is presently CFO for Palmer Memorial Chapel, Inc. Palmer Memorial Chapel is the halmark of integrity where excellence is the standard.


Palmer History, Family Crest & Coats of Arms

Palmer is one of the names that was brought to England in the wave of migration following the Norman Conquest of 1066. It is a name for a person who worked as a palmer. The surname Palmer was originally derived from the Old French word palmer, which was taken from the Latin word palmifer meaning palm bearer. In this case the original bearer of the surname was a pilgrim who carried palm branches back from the Holy Land. In early history the name Palmer represented a missionary. [1]

Set of 4 Coffee Mugs and Keychains

$69.95 $48.95

Early Origins of the Palmer family

The surname Palmer was first found in "the east of England, especially in Norfolk, Cambridgeshire, and Kent." [2] The Hundredorum Rolls of 1273 include the following: Alice le Palmere in Cambridgeshire Ralph le Palmere in Yorkshire and Robert le Palmere in Lincolnshire. Richard le Palmere was listed in Somerset during the reign of Edward III and the Yorkshire Poll Tax Rolls of 1379 list Ricardus Palmer as a mason. [3]

Ladbroke Hall in Ladbroke, near Stratford upon Avon, Warwickshire was the home of the Palmer family since 1633 when it was purchased by William Palmer. "The church [of Ladbroke] is a handsome structure in the later English style, with a square embattled tower surmounted by a lofty and elegant spire, and contains several monuments, chiefly to the Palmer family." [4]

Due to the nature of the surname, it was not surprising to find entries in early Scotland too. Hugh Palmer witnessed resignation of the lands of Ingilbristoun in 1204, and in 1253 Ricardus Palmerus de Kingore attested a memorandum of the ornaments of the chapel of Dundemor. Alexander Palmer witnessed a sale of land in Glasgow, c. 1280-1290, Elye Palmere held a land in Waldeuegate, Berwick, in 1307 and Hugh Palmere was "messager" of the earl of Douglas in 1397. [5]

Coat of Arms and Surname History Package

$24.95 $21.20

Early History of the Palmer family

This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Palmer research. Another 110 words (8 lines of text) covering the years 1090, 1634, 1705, 1735, 1731, 1735, 1872 and are included under the topic Early Palmer History in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Unisex Coat of Arms Hooded Sweatshirt

Palmer Spelling Variations

It is only in the last few hundred years that the English language has been standardized. For that reason, Anglo-Norman surnames like Palmer are characterized by many spelling variations. Scribes and monks in the Middle Ages spelled names they sounded, so it is common to find several variations that refer to a single person. As the English language changed and incorporated elements of other European languages such as Norman French and Latin, even literate people regularly changed the spelling of their names. The variations of the name Palmer include Palmer, Pallmer, Parmer and others.

Early Notables of the Palmer family (pre 1700)

Notables of this surname at this time include: Sir James Palmer of Dorney Court, Buckinghamshire and his son, Roger Palmer, 1st Earl of Castlemaine, PC (1634-1705), an English courtier, diplomat, and politician, his wife Barbara Villiers was.
Another 36 words (3 lines of text) are included under the topic Early Palmer Notables in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Migration of the Palmer family to Ireland

Some of the Palmer family moved to Ireland, but this topic is not covered in this excerpt.
Another 167 words (12 lines of text) about their life in Ireland is included in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.

Palmer migration +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Palmer Settlers in United States in the 17th Century
  • William Palmer, who arrived in Plymouth in 1621 aboard the " Fortune"
  • Daniel Palmer, who arrived in Virginia in 1621 [6]
  • Frances Palmer, who arrived in Plymouth in 1623 aboard the "Anne and the Little James"
  • Frances Palmer, who arrived in Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1623 [6]
  • Joane Palmer, who landed in Virginia in 1624-1625 [6]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Palmer Settlers in United States in the 18th Century
  • Eliza Palmer, who arrived in Virginia in 1702 [6]
  • Elizabeth Palmer, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1706-1707 [6]
  • Isaac Palmer, who landed in Virginia in 1714 [6]
  • Mary Palmer, who landed in Virginia in 1718 [6]
  • Jacob Palmer, aged 26, who landed in Pennsylvania in 1738 [6]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Palmer Settlers in United States in the 19th Century
  • Esther Palmer, who landed in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania in 1816 [6]
  • James Palmer, who arrived in America in 1824 [6]
  • David Palmer, who landed in Washington County, Pennsylvania in 1826 [6]
  • Juan Palmer, aged 48, who arrived in New Orleans, La in 1829 [6]
  • Andrew Palmer, aged 36, who landed in New Orleans, La in 1836 [6]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Palmer migration to Canada +

Some of the first settlers of this family name were:

Palmer Settlers in Canada in the 18th Century
  • Mr. Elliott Palmer U.E. who settled in Belle Vue, Beaver Harbour, Charlotte County, New Brunswick c. 1783 [7]
  • Mr. John Palmer U.E. who arrived in Port Roseway, [Shelbourne], Nova Scotia on December 13, 1783 was passenger number 350 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on November 14, 1783 at East River, New York, USA [7]
  • Mr. Theodore Palmer U.E. (b. 1767), aged 16 who arrived in Port Roseway, [Shelbourne], Nova Scotia on October 26, 1783 was passenger number 108 aboard the ship "HMS Clinton", picked up on September 20, 1783 at East River, New York, USA [7]
  • Mr. Joseph Palmer U.E. who settled in Saint John, New Brunswick c. 1784 [7]
  • Mr. David Palmer Sr., U.E. who settled in Canada c. 1784 [7]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
Palmer Settlers in Canada in the 19th Century
  • Noah Palmer, who arrived in Canada in 1828
  • Merritt Palmer, who arrived in Canada in 1830
  • Mr Samuel Palmer, aged 46, a Policeman at the Grosse Isle Quarantine Station in Quebec but died there on 6th October 1847 during the typhus epidemic [8]
  • Mr. John Palmer who was emigrating through Grosse Isle Quarantine Station, Quebec aboard the ship "Lotus" departing 15th April 1847 from Liverpool, England the ship arrived on 24th June 1847 but he died on board [9]

Palmer migration to Australia +

Emigration to Australia followed the First Fleets of convicts, tradespeople and early settlers. Early immigrants include:

Palmer Settlers in Australia in the 18th Century
  • Miss Margaret Palmer, English convict who was convicted in Shropshire, England for 7 years , transported aboard the "Britannia III" on 18th July 1798, arriving in New South Wales, Australia[10]
Palmer Settlers in Australia in the 19th Century
  • Mr. William Palmer, British Convict who was convicted in Northhampton, Northamptonshire, England for 7 years, transported aboard the "Caledonia" on 5th July 1820, arriving in Tasmania ( Van Diemen's Land) [11]
  • Stephen Palmer, English convict from Gloucester, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia[12]
  • William Palmer, English convict from Lancaster, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on September 3rd, 1820, settling in New South Wales, Australia[12]
  • Joseph Palmer, English convict from Gloucester, who was transported aboard the "Adamant" on March 16, 1821, settling in New South Wales, Australia[13]
  • John Palmer, English convict from Middlesex, who was transported aboard the "Asia" on April 1st, 1822, settling in New South Wales, Australia[14]
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Palmer migration to New Zealand +

Emigration to New Zealand followed in the footsteps of the European explorers, such as Captain Cook (1769-70): first came sealers, whalers, missionaries, and traders. By 1838, the British New Zealand Company had begun buying land from the Maori tribes, and selling it to settlers, and, after the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840, many British families set out on the arduous six month journey from Britain to Aotearoa to start a new life. Early immigrants include:

Palmer Settlers in New Zealand in the 19th Century
  • Mr. E. Palmer, Australian settler travelling from Sydney aboard the ship "Bee" arriving in New Zealand in 1838 [15]
  • G.T. Palmer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Aurora" in 1840
  • Richard Palmer, aged 27, a carpenter, who arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Slains Castle" in 1841
  • Eliza Palmer, aged 27, who arrived in Port Nicholson aboard the ship "Slains Castle" in 1841
  • William Palmer, who arrived in Wellington, New Zealand aboard the ship "Whitby" in 1841
  • . (More are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Contemporary Notables of the name Palmer (post 1700) +

  • Arnold Daniel "The King" Palmer (1929-2016), famous American Golfer who won numerous PGA championships, winner of the PGA Tour Lifetime Achievement Award in 1998
  • Geoffrey Dyson Palmer OBE (1927-2020), English actor best known for his role in The Fall and Rise of Reginald Perrin (1976󈞻)
  • Calvin Ian Palmer (1940-2014), English footballer who played from 1958 to 1975
  • Robert Allen Palmer (1949-2003), Grammy Award-winning English singer-songwriter, known for his hits "Addicted to Love" and "Simply Irresistible" [16]
  • Mr. Ralph Palmer, British sheriff, held the joint position of Sheriff of Nottingham, England from 1521 to 1522
  • John Roundell Palmer GBE DL FRS (b. 1940), 4th Earl of Selborne, a British peer, ecological expert, and businessman
  • Bill Palmer (1950-2020), American restaurateur, co-founder of Applebee's
  • Gregg Palmer (1927-2015), born Palmer Edvind Lee, an American actor, best known for his varying roles in twenty episodes of CBS's Gunsmoke (1960-1975)
  • Andrew Eustace Palmer CMG, CVO,, British diplomat, was Her Britannic Majesty's Ambassador to the Holy See 1991-1995
  • Mr. Trevor Palmer B.E.M., British recipient of the British Empire Medal on 8th June 2018, for services to People with Disabilities in Wales
  • . (Another 289 notables are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)

Historic Events for the Palmer family +

Air New Zealand Flight 901
  • Mr. Gary Kent Palmer (1950-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Tauranga, North Island, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus he died in the crash [17]
  • Mr. Edward James Palmer (1916-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Tauranga, North Island, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus he died in the crash [17]
  • Mr. David Lloyd Palmer (1948-1979), New Zealander passenger, from Stanmore Bay, Auckland, New Zealand aboard the Air New Zealand Flight 901 for an Antarctic sightseeing flight when it flew into Mount Erebus he died in the crash [17]
Empress of Ireland
  • Mrs. Ethel Palmer (1888-1914), née Short English First Class Passenger from London, England, United Kingdom who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [18]
  • Mr. Wallace Palmer (1886-1914), English First Class Passenger from London, England, United Kingdom who was traveling aboard the Empress of Ireland and died in the sinking [18]
HMS Cornwall
  • Walter Alan Palmer (d. 1942), British Able Seaman aboard the HMS Cornwall when she was struck by air bombers and sunk he died in the sinking [19]
HMS Hood
  • Mr. Stephen Palmer (b. 1921), English Able Seaman serving for the Royal Navy Volunteer Reserve from Godstone, Surrey, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [20]
  • Mr. Reginald W Palmer (b. 1914), English Sergeant serving for the Royal Marine from East Ham, London, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [20]
  • Mr. James A Palmer (b. 1921), English Marine serving for the Royal Marine from Washington, County Durham, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [20]
  • Mr. Frederick W J Palmer (b. 1907), English Regulating Petty Officer serving for the Royal Navy from Eynsham, Oxfordshire, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [20]
  • Mr. Frank Palmer (b. 1916), English Stoker 1st Class serving for the Royal Navy from Moss Side, Manchester, England, who sailed into battle and died in the sinking [20]
HMS Prince of Wales
HMS Repulse
  • Mr. Arthur Palmer, British Able Bodied Seaman, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [22]
  • Mr. John R Palmer, British Boy, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [22]
  • Mr. Edward J Palmer, British Leading Stoker, who sailed into battle on the HMS Repulse and survived the sinking [22]
HMS Royal Oak
  • Walter G. Palmer, British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk he survived the sinking [23]
  • George James Palmer (1919-1939), British Stoker 2nd Class with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk he died in the sinking [23]
  • Charles John Palmer (d. 1939), British Able Seaman with the Royal Navy aboard the HMS Royal Oak when she was torpedoed by U-47 and sunk he died in the sinking [23]
RMS Lusitania
  • Mr. Thomas Palmer, English Trimmer from Liverpool, England, who worked aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [24]
  • Mr. Charles Palmer, American 3rd Class passenger from Camden, New Jersey, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [25]
  • Mr. Frank Arthur Palmer, American 2nd Class passenger from North Augusta, South Carolina, USA, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking [25]
  • Master Albert Palmer, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [25]
  • Master Edgar Palmer, Canadian 2nd Class passenger from Toronto, Ontario, Canada, who sailed aboard the RMS Lusitania and died in the sinking and was recovered [25]
  • . (Another 4 entries are available in all our PDF Extended History products and printed products wherever possible.)
SS Alcoa Puritan
  • W.N. Palmer, American from Mobile, Alabama, who was working aboard the SS Alcoa Puritan traveling from Port of Spain, Trinidad to Mobile, Alabama when it was torpedoed by U-boat U-507 he survived the sinking [26]

Related Stories +

The Palmer Motto +

The motto was originally a war cry or slogan. Mottoes first began to be shown with arms in the 14th and 15th centuries, but were not in general use until the 17th century. Thus the oldest coats of arms generally do not include a motto. Mottoes seldom form part of the grant of arms: Under most heraldic authorities, a motto is an optional component of the coat of arms, and can be added to or changed at will many families have chosen not to display a motto.

Motto: Palma virtuti
Motto Translation: The palm is for virtue.


Frederick Palmer - History

Descendants of William Palmer and Elizabeth Bellamy

William Palmer (1806-1850) and Elizabeth, nee Bellamy (1809-1882) emigrated on the Olympus to New Zealand in 1842. They had 4 children on board with them

Hannah Palmer, born abt. 1834

William Palmer, born abt. 1839 Northampton. WILLIAM was also known as SHEPHERD PALMER

From newspaper clippings in the Nelson Examiner and Chronicle I know that Job married Harriett Harman, daughter of Thomas Harmon, on 18 September 1855:

1. WILLIAM PALMER was born Bef. 1839 in Milton-Malsor, Northampton, England, and died 28 Apr 1921 in Brightwater, Nelson. He married MARY MARIA SMALL 15 Nov 1858 in Spring Grove, Nelson, daughter of JAMES SMALL and MARTHA CANNING. She was born 08 Jan 1841 in Boxford, Berkshire, England, and died 28 Oct 1900 in Hope, Nelson.

Emigration: Maria in 1851, The Ship 'Steadfast'

William in 1942, The Ship ' Olympus' (above)

Children of WILLIAM PALMER and MARY SMALL are:

GEORGE WILLIAM PALMER, b. 28 Oct 1859 d. 12 Jan 1936, Brightwater, Nelson.

HARRY PALMER, b. 06 Aug 1861 d. 05 Nov 1937, Wakefield Nelson.

FREDERICK PALMER, b. 04 Oct 1863, Nelson New Zealand d. 21 Mar 1893, Brightwater, Nelson.

WILLIAM PALMER, b.1865 d. 24 Aug 1918, Hastings hospital, buried Havelock Nth block A. 122 Haveloock nth cemetary.

MARTHA PALMER, b. 27 Jul 1867 d. Bef. 20 Oct 1922.

ANN PALMER, b. 10 Oct 1869, Waimea East, Nelson d. 26 Sep 1930.

HARRIET PALMER, b. 09 Jun 1872 d. 18 May 1958. married WILLIAM JAMES NEAL 27 Oct 1897

MARY PALMER, b. 06 Sep 1874 d. 1939, Christchurch.

LOUISA PALMER, b. 24 Sep 1876 d. 16 Feb 1930.

EMMA PALMER, b. 09 Jan 1880, Hope, Nelson d. 09 Jun 1953, Nelson New Zealand. Married ARTHUR CROSS Jan 1 1906

SAMUEL EDWARD PALMER, b. 18 May 1881, Hope, Nelson d. 10 Oct 1928, Nelson New Zealand.

2. WILLIAM PALMER was born in 1865, and died 24 Aug 1918 in Hastings hospital, buried Havelock Nth block A. 122 Haveloock nth cemetary. He married MARY ANN GROOBY 05 Feb 1891 in Alton Steet, Nelson, New Zealand, daughter of GEORGE GROOBY and ELIZABETH INWOOD. She was born 22 Jun 1866 in Pangatotara, and died 01 Aug 1951 in Hastings hospital.

More About WILLIAM PALMER:

Burial: public cemetery Havelock

Children of WILLIAM PALMER and MARY GROOBY are:

REGINALD CARLTON PALMER, b. 11 Feb 1892, Nelson region d. 25 May 1926, buried Havelock North.

GLADYS ADELE PALMER, b. 28 May 1893, Motueka. Nelson, New Zealand d. 07 Sep 1987, Hastings.

DULCIE MERLE PALMER, b. 14 Dec 1899, Motueka, Nelson, New Zealand d. 05 Aug 1982, Hastings.

COLIN RAINSFORD PALMER, b. 22 Aug 1904, Motueka, Nelson, New Zealand d. 16 Nov 1975, Hastings.

Gladys' husband Hubert Tucker, and her brother Colin Palmer co-owned an orchard in Havelock North.

Marriage Certificate for William Palmer and Mary Ann Grooby

Married Feb 25 1891 at Baltrop residence, Alton St, Nelson

William Palmer, 25, Farmer of Brightwater, Nelson

Mary Grooby, 24, servant, Motueka, Nelson

His father William Palmer, Farmer/Mother Mary Maria Palmer, nee Small

Her father George Grooby, Farmer/Mother Elizabeth Grooby, nee Inwood


PALMER Genealogy

WikiTree is a community of genealogists growing an increasingly-accurate collaborative family tree that's 100% free for everyone forever. Please join us.

Please join us in collaborating on PALMER family trees. We need the help of good genealogists to grow a completely free shared family tree to connect us all.

IMPORTANT PRIVACY NOTICE & DISCLAIMER: YOU HAVE A RESPONSIBILITY TO USE CAUTION WHEN DISTRIBUTING PRIVATE INFORMATION. WIKITREE PROTECTS MOST SENSITIVE INFORMATION BUT ONLY TO THE EXTENT STATED IN THE TERMS OF SERVICE AND PRIVACY POLICY.


How To Use FameChain

With the 2020 election approaching see the Trump family tree.

About to send four astronauts to the ISS. See the Elon Musk family tree here at FameChain

Vice-president of the United States.

Meghan and Harry are now US based. FameChain has their amazing trees.

The Democratic party contender for President. See the Joe Biden family tree

Democratic candidate for the Vice-Presidency of the United States.

Set to be the next Supreme Court Judge. Discover the Coney Barret family tree

Follow us on

VIDEOS

All relationship and family history information shown on FameChain has been compiled from data in the public domain. From online or printed sources and from publicly accessible databases. It is believed to be correct at the time of inputting and is presented here in good faith. Should you have information that conflicts with anything shown please make us aware by email.

But do note that it is not possible to be certain of a person's genealogy without a family's cooperation (and/or DNA testing).


Married

With the 2020 election approaching see the Trump family tree.

About to send four astronauts to the ISS. See the Elon Musk family tree here at FameChain

Vice-president of the United States.

Meghan and Harry are now US based. FameChain has their amazing trees.

The Democratic party contender for President. See the Joe Biden family tree

Democratic candidate for the Vice-Presidency of the United States.

Set to be the next Supreme Court Judge. Discover the Coney Barret family tree

Follow us on

VIDEOS

All relationship and family history information shown on FameChain has been compiled from data in the public domain. From online or printed sources and from publicly accessible databases. It is believed to be correct at the time of inputting and is presented here in good faith. Should you have information that conflicts with anything shown please make us aware by email.

But do note that it is not possible to be certain of a person's genealogy without a family's cooperation (and/or DNA testing).


Christian Mark Taylor

The below shows my family tree back down to Robert Palmer of 1748. The Palmer's are my grandmothers descendants on my my paternal side.

Descendants of Richard Palmer

1. RICHARD2 PALMER (RICHARD1) was born 04 Sep 1748 in Great Ponton, Lincoln, England. He married THEODOSIA WHITE 03 Nov 1772 in Great Ponton, Lincolnshire, England.

Very, very uncertain that these are the correct parents of William Palmer.

More About RICHARD PALMER and THEODOSIA WHITE:

Marriage: 03 Nov 1772, Great Ponton, Lincolnshire, England

Child of RICHARD PALMER and THEODOSIA WHITE is:

2.i.WILLIAM3 PALMER, b. 21 Jan 1790, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

2. WILLIAM3 PALMER (RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 21 Jan 1790 in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England. He married REBECCA TEESDALE 1828, daughter of EDWARD TEESDALE and ANN CHANTREY. She was born 02 Nov 1799 in Moulton Spalding, Lincolnshire, England.

More About WILLIAM PALMER and REBECCA TEESDALE:

Children of WILLIAM PALMER and REBECCA TEESDALE are:

i.ANN4 PALMER, b. 1831, Falkingham, Lincolnshire, England m. JOHN MERRY, 1851, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England (Source: GRO, Marriage Certificate, 1851(3), Vol: 14, Page: 374 - Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.) b. 1825, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

More About JOHN MERRY and ANN PALMER:

Marriage: 1851, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England (Source: GRO, Marriage Certificate, 1851(3), Vol: 14, Page: 374 - Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.)

3.ii.FREDERICK GEORGE PALMER, b. 1833, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England d. Sep 1878.

4.iii.ISSAC PALMER, b. 1834, Castle Bytham, Lincolnshire, England.

5.iv.SAMUEL PALMER, b. 1836, Castle Bytham Lincs d. 1879.

v.REBECCA PALMER, b. 1838, Castle Bytham, Lincolnshire, England.

vi.GEORGE PALMER, b. 1843, Castle Bytham, Lincolnshire, England.

3. FREDERICK GEORGE4 PALMER (WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 1833 in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England, and died Sep 1878. He married SARAH. She was born 1830.

Children of FREDERICK PALMER and SARAH are:

6.i.FREDERICK THOMAS5 PALMER, b. 1857, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England d. 1941.

7.ii.GEORGE PALMER, b. 1859, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

8.iii.ELIZABETH PALMER, b. 1862, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

iv.SARAH ANN PALMER, b. 10 Jan 1864, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England d. 1886.

v.EMMA R PALMER, b. 1866, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

vi.JANE PALMER, b. 1868, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England d. 1872.

vii.ROSE PALMER, b. 1868, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

4. ISSAC4 PALMER (WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 1834 in Castle Bytham, Lincolnshire, England. He married ROSA ANNIE WOODMAN 164, daughter of VEERE WOODMAN and ELIZABETH TREACHER. She was born 1841 in Greenwich, Kent, England.

More About ISSAC PALMER and ROSA WOODMAN:

Children of ISSAC PALMER and ROSA WOODMAN are:

i.GEORGE5 PALMER, b. 1869, Greenwich, Kent, England.

ii.SIDNEY J PALMER, b. 1868, Greenwich, Kent, England.

iii.WILLIAM EDWARD PALMER, b. 1865, Greenwich, Kent, England.

9.iv.VEERE PALMER, b. 1866, Greenwich, Kent, England.

v.SARAH ELIZABETH PALMER, b. 1871, Greenwich, Kent, England.

10.vi.CHARLES ALEXANDER PALMER, b. 1873, Greenwich, Kent, England d. 1945.

vii.LOIS EMMA PALMER, b. 1875, Greenwich, Kent, England.

viii.ROBERT PALMER, b. 1876, Greenwich, Kent, England.

ix.ROSA ETHEL PALMER, b. 1879, Greenwich, Kent, England.

5. SAMUEL4 PALMER (WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 1836 in Castle Bytham Lincs, and died 1879. He married ANNIE. She was born 1842.

Child of SAMUEL PALMER and ANNIE is:

11.i.ANN MARIA5 PALMER, b. 1867, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

6. FREDERICK THOMAS5 PALMER (FREDERICK GEORGE4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 1857 in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England, and died 1941. He married HARRIET THISELTON 26 Jul 1880 in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England, daughter of WILLIAM THISELTON and HARRIET CROSSBY. She was born 13 Nov 1856 in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England, and died Sep 1933 in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

More About FREDERICK THOMAS PALMER:

Occupation: Water Manufacturers Manager

More About FREDERICK PALMER and HARRIET THISELTON:

Marriage: 26 Jul 1880, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England

Children of FREDERICK PALMER and HARRIET THISELTON are:

i.SARAH6 PALMER, b. 1880, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

ii.FREDERICK WILLIAM PALMER, b. 1882, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

iii.MAUD M PALMER, b. 1883, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

iv.WALTER PALMER, b. 1886, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

v.ROSE E PALMER, b. 1889, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

vi.FREDERICK HENRY PALMER, b. 1890, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

12.vii.CHARLES EDWARD PALMER, b. 23 May 1893, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

viii.GEORGE ARTHUR PALMER, b. 1896, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England m. SARAH E b. 1896.

More About GEORGE ARTHUR PALMER:

Occupation: Butchers Apprentice

ix.ROSE E PALMER, b. 1896, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

x.MINNIE PALMER, b. 1898, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

7. GEORGE5 PALMER (FREDERICK GEORGE4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 1859 in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England. He married MARIA PARKER 1880 in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England, daughter of THOMAS PARKER and MARY GUTTERIDGE. She was born 23 Dec 1855 in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

More About GEORGE PALMER and MARIA PARKER:

Marriage: 1880, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England

Children of GEORGE PALMER and MARIA PARKER are:

i.FREDERICK6 PALMER, b. 1881, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

13.ii.EMMA REBECCA PALMER, b. 1885, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

iii.ANNIE PALMER, b. 1887, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

iv.LEONARD PALMER, b. 1889, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

8. ELIZABETH5 PALMER (FREDERICK GEORGE4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 1862 in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England. She married GERMAN WILLIAM PAGE 03 Dec 1894 in Croydon, Surrey, England, son of WILLIAM PAGE and ANN PALMER. He was born 1863 in Hoe, Shere, Surrey, England.

Notes for ELIZABETH PALMER:

Elizabeth Palmerís parents were Frederick George Palmer and Sarah (surname unknown), who were married in September 1860. The 1871 census has them living at The Masonís Arms in South Street, Bourne, Lincolnshire, where Fred was both the licensed publican and a butcher. Along with Elizabeth were their 5 other children ñ 2 sons Frederick J (b 1857), George (b 1859) and 3 other daughters Sarah A (b 1864), Emma R (b 1866) and Jane (b 1868). They may have had more children after 1871 but I have no record of that and am pretty sure Sarah snr was worn out by then! In any case, Frederick George Palmer dies in September 1878, aged 45.

1881 census: Elizabeth is now a governess, aged 19, and still living at the pub with mum Sarah and sister Emma. No mention of her other siblings, but there is also present a George Palmer, presumably Sarahís brother, who could be running the place.

1891 census: Elizabeth aged 29 had left the family pub and was ìliving on her own meansî at 139 Hope Cottages, St Peters Street in Croydon with her daughter Kathleen Bertha (now 5), having fallen foul to the ministrations of German Page. German doesnít do a runner however, and Elizabeth and German finally marry in December 1894, in Croydon.

The 1901 census lists German as a bee farmer. He, Elizabeth and Kathleen were living in a house called Thorneymoor in Kingswood, Banstead, and the census taker notes they had a dog (for trouser repair claims later?!) Kathleen, aged 15, is now listed as Page.

Iím not sure when Kathleen made the passage out to South Africa & on to Rhodesia, or whether she made the trip alone. She did return to England a couple of times after she married though, perhaps to visit parents or other family.

The RMS ìSaxonî sailed on July 29, 1905 from Southampton bound for Madeira, Cape Town, Algoa Bay, East London and Natal. Amongst first class saloon passengers disembarking at Cape Town were Miss Page, Mrs Palmer and Miss Palmer ñ there are no details as to their first names or whether they were all travelling together, but there is no Mr Page on the same list.

Kathleen married William Robert Chittenden at Salisbury Cathedral on 3rd February 1917.

More About GERMAN WILLIAM PAGE:

Occupation: Railway Signalman / Bee Farmer

More About GERMAN PAGE and ELIZABETH PALMER:

Marriage: 03 Dec 1894, Croydon, Surrey, England

Child of ELIZABETH PALMER and GERMAN PAGE is:

14.i.KATHERINE BERTHA6 PALMER, b. 1886, Spalding, Lincolnshire, England.

9. VEERE5 PALMER (ISSAC4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 1866 in Greenwich, Kent, England. He married ANN ELIZABETH BROADHEAD 1888 in Camberwell Surrey, daughter of WILLIAM BROADHEAD and ANNE GRANGER. She was born 1867 in St Lukes Middlesex, England.

More About VEERE PALMER and ANN BROADHEAD:

Marriage: 1888, Camberwell Surrey

Children of VEERE PALMER and ANN BROADHEAD are:

15.i.ANNE EILEEN6 PALMER, b. 1892, Peckham Surrey d. 1958, Exmouth Devon.

ii.GERTRUDE LOIS PALMER, b. 1894, Hackney Essex.

16.iii.WILLIAM BROADHEAD PALMER, b. 1891, Greenwich Kent d. 1963.

iv.VERA A PALMER, b. 1890, Peckham Surrey m. HAROLD PARLETT b. 1885.

10. CHARLES ALEXANDER5 PALMER (ISSAC4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 1873 in Greenwich, Kent, England, and died 1945. He married BERTHA ALICE BATCHELOR 09 Apr 1893 in Camberwell, England. She was born 1872 in London, England, and died 1914.

More About CHARLES PALMER and BERTHA BATCHELOR:

Marriage: 09 Apr 1893, Camberwell, England

Children of CHARLES PALMER and BERTHA BATCHELOR are:

i.GEORGE6 PALMER, b. 1895, London, England d. 05 Sep 1914, HMS Pathfinder.

HMS Pathfinder was the lead ship of the Pathfinder class scout cruisers, and was the first ship ever to be sunk by a torpedo fired by submarine (the American Civil War ship USS Housatonic had been sunk by a spar torpedo). She was built by Cammell Laird, Birkenhead, launched on 16 July 1904, and commissioned on 18 July 1905. She was originally to have been named HMS Fastnet, but was renamed prior to construction.

Not long after completion, two additional 12 pounder guns were added and the 3 pounder guns were replaced with six 6 pounders. In 1911-12 they were rearmed with nine 4 inch guns. Pathfinder spent her early career with the Atlantic Fleet, Channel Fleet (1906) and then the Home Fleet (1907). At the start of the First World War she was part of the 8th Destroyer Flotilla, in the Firth of Forth.

Pathfinder was sunk off St. Abbs Head, Berwickshire, Scotland, on Saturday 5 September 1914 by the German U-21, commanded by Leutnant zur See Otto Hersing. Typical of the scout cruisers' poor endurance, she was so short of coal whilst on patrol that she could only manage a speed of 5 knots, making her an easy target. The ship was struck in a magazine, which exploded causing the ship to sink within minutes with the loss of 259 men. There were 11 survivors.

The explosion was seen by Aldous Huxley (while staying at Northfield House, St. Abbs) who recorded the following in a letter to his father sent on 14 September 1914:

I dare say Julian told you that we actually saw the Pathfinder explosion ó a great white cloud with its foot in sea. The St. Abbs' lifeboat came in with the most appalling accounts of the scene. There was not a piece of wood, they said, big enough to float a manóand over acres the sea was covered with fragmentsóhuman and otherwise. They brought back a sailor's cap with half a man's head inside it. The explosion must have been frightful. It is though to be a German submarine that did it, or, possibly, a torpedo fired from one of the refitted German trawlers, which cruise all round painted with British port letters and flying the British flag.

George Palmer was the Stoker 2nd Class.

17.ii.FREDERICK ALEXANDER PALMER, b. 29 Sep 1897, Camberwell, London, England d. 22 Jun 1975, Carshalton, Surrey, England.

iii.GERALD PALMER, b. 1900, London, England.

18.iv.ADA IVY PALMER, b. 1902, London, England d. 1976.

v.HILDA PALMER, b. 1906, London, England.

11. ANN MARIA5 PALMER (SAMUEL4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 1867 in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England. She married REUBEN HALL. He was born 1860.

Child of ANN PALMER and REUBEN HALL is:

12. CHARLES EDWARD6 PALMER (FREDERICK THOMAS5, FREDERICK GEORGE4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 23 May 1893 in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England. He married GLADYS EMILY TEAT 17 Oct 1923 in Peterborough, Lincolnshire, England (Source: GRO, Marriage Certificate, 1923, Dec, Peterbro', Vol: 3b, Page: 594, Married at The Register Office in Peterborough.), daughter of THOMAS TEAT and NANCY GAY. She was born 09 Oct 1893 in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England (Source: GRO, Birth Certificate, 1893, Dec, Bourne, Vol: 7a, Page: 366, Born in North Street, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.), and died Sep 1983 in Wellingborough, Northamptonshire, England.

More About CHARLES EDWARD PALMER:

Occupation: Grocers Assistant

More About CHARLES PALMER and GLADYS TEAT:

Marriage: 17 Oct 1923, Peterborough, Lincolnshire, England (Source: GRO, Marriage Certificate, 1923, Dec, Peterbro', Vol: 3b, Page: 594, Married at The Register Office in Peterborough.)

Children of CHARLES PALMER and GLADYS TEAT are:

19.i.KATHLEEN EMILY7 PALMER, b. 09 Jun 1924, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

20.ii.ETHEL PALMER, b. Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

iii.BETTY PALMER, b. 14 Oct 1926, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England d. Apr 1987, Bourne, Lincolnshire, England.

13. EMMA REBECCA6 PALMER (GEORGE5, FREDERICK GEORGE4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 1885 in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England. She married WALTER ROSS FRISBY, son of JOHN FRISBY and SARAH TUCK. He was born 1881 in Orton, Waterville, Canada.

Child of EMMA PALMER and WALTER FRISBY is:

21.i.THIRZA LUCRETIA7 FRISBY, b. 22 Jan 1916, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England d. 1989, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England.

14. KATHERINE BERTHA6 PALMER (ELIZABETH5, FREDERICK GEORGE4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 1886 in Spalding, Lincolnshire, England. She married WILLIAM ROBERT CHITTENDEN. He was born 28 Nov 1886 in King Williamstown, South Africa, and died 1961 in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.

More About WILLIAM ROBERT CHITTENDEN:

Children of KATHERINE PALMER and WILLIAM CHITTENDEN are:

22.i.HENRY ROBERT7 CHITTENDEN, b. 15 Jun 1918, Hillside, Harare, Zimbabwe.

23.ii.REGINALD IVOR CHITTENDEN, b. 30 Oct 1921, Salisbury, Rhodesia.

iii.NANCIE MURIEL CHITTENDEN, b. 11 Jan 1920, Salisbury, Rhodesia d. 2006, Harare, Zimbabwe.

15. ANNE EILEEN6 PALMER (VEERE5, ISSAC4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 1892 in Peckham Surrey, and died 1958 in Exmouth Devon. She married FREDERICK WILLIAM BURRELL 1920, son of FREDERICK BURRELL and ANNIE NEWMAN. He was born 1888 in Lambeth Surrey, and died 1951.

More About FREDERICK BURRELL and ANNE PALMER:

Child of ANNE PALMER and FREDERICK BURRELL is:

24.i.VEERE FREDERICK7 BURRELL, b. 25 Mar 1922, Lewisham, London, England d. 1998, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England.

16. WILLIAM BROADHEAD6 PALMER (VEERE5, ISSAC4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 1891 in Greenwich Kent, and died 1963. He married MILLICENT. She was born 1898, and died 1989.

Children of WILLIAM PALMER and MILLICENT are:

17. FREDERICK ALEXANDER6 PALMER (CHARLES ALEXANDER5, ISSAC4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 29 Sep 1897 in Camberwell, London, England, and died 22 Jun 1975 in Carshalton, Surrey, England. He married ETHEL LOUISE DENNINGTON 06 Jun 1921 in Camberwell, England. She was born 23 Dec 1903 in Southwark, London, England, and died 1990 in Uckfield, East Sussex, England.

Notes for FREDERICK ALEXANDER PALMER:

Frederick served in the RNVR during WW1 and his medals are inscribed with his Rank & number. However the only photo we have of him from this time clearly shows him in Cavalry Uniform. This has always been a bit of a mystery to say the least! I can remember as a child Pop telling me stories about his war service but we never got to the bottom of the unifrom question.

After looking at his Military Records all became clear.

When the First World War began, the Reserves of the Royal Navy were found to have a surplus of thousands of sailors even though the warships were fully crewed. This war would be conducted mainly on land so there was an obvious solution.Reserves, reserve personnel from the Royal Naval Reserve, Royal Fleet Reserve and the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve and a brigade of Royal Marines, Royal Navy and army personnel were brought together at Crystal Palace to form the Royal Naval Division (RND) in September 1914.The RND was commonly known as "Winston's Little Army" because it was founded by Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty. The Royal Naval Division fought alongside the army but at first the Admiralty retained control. This contributed to tensions around the RND, as did their observance of naval traditions for example, the RND used naval ranks, they flew the White Ensign, they were allowed to grow beards and they remained seated during the toast to the King's health. The names of the battalions reflected naval history. Initially they were: 1st Brigade: Collingwood, Hawke, Benbow, Drake 2nd Brigade: Howe, Hood, Anson, Nelson 3rd Brigade (Royal Marines): Portsmouth, Plymouth, Chatham, Deal The RND transferred to France in May 1916. The following month the Division was transferred to Army control. From this time they were known as the 63rd (Royal Naval) Division and they were supplemented by army battalions: 188th Brigade: Anson, Howe, 1 and 2 (Royal Marine) Battalions 189th Brigade: Drake, Hood, Nelson, Hawke 190th Brigade: Honourable Artillery Company, 7 Battalion Royal Fusiliers, 4 Battalion Bedfordshire Regiment, 10 Battalion Royal Dublin Fusiliers The Royal Naval Division was demobilised in France in April 1919 after an inspection and an address by the Prince of Wales. In June 1919 the Division took part in its final parade and was disbanded.

More About FREDERICK ALEXANDER PALMER:

More About FREDERICK PALMER and ETHEL DENNINGTON:

Marriage: 06 Jun 1921, Camberwell, England

Child of FREDERICK PALMER and ETHEL DENNINGTON is:

26.i.GERALD ERIC7 PALMER, b. 06 Apr 1929, Camberwell, London, England d. 22 May 2003, Cruise Ship Sundream.

18. ADA IVY6 PALMER (CHARLES ALEXANDER5, ISSAC4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 1902 in London, England, and died 1976. She married (1) LEONARD CHARTERS. He was born 1900. She married (2) DOUGLAS LAING. He was born 1901.

Children of ADA PALMER and LEONARD CHARTERS are:

i.PEARL IRENE7 CHARTERS, b. 1920.

19. KATHLEEN EMILY7 PALMER (CHARLES EDWARD6, FREDERICK THOMAS5, FREDERICK GEORGE4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 09 Jun 1924 in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England. She married HARRY TAYLOR 29 May 1944 in Peterborough, Lincolnshire, England (Source: GRO, Marriage Certificate, 1944, Jun, Bourne, Vol: 7a, Page: 923.), son of HARRY TAYLOR and GLADYS HUDDLESTON. He was born 25 Apr 1923 in Rotherham, Sheffield, England, and died Nov 2003 in Barnsley, England.

More About KATHLEEN EMILY PALMER:

Occupation: Railway Shunter

More About HARRY TAYLOR and KATHLEEN PALMER:

Marriage: 29 May 1944, Peterborough, Lincolnshire, England (Source: GRO, Marriage Certificate, 1944, Jun, Bourne, Vol: 7a, Page: 923.)

Children of KATHLEEN PALMER and HARRY TAYLOR are:

27.i.ROBERT8 TAYLOR, b. 08 Jun 1945, Sheffield, England.

28.ii.JOHN HENRY TAYLOR, b. 1954, Sheffield, England.

20. ETHEL7 PALMER (CHARLES EDWARD6, FREDERICK THOMAS5, FREDERICK GEORGE4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born in Bourne, Lincolnshire, England. She married JIM IRONS, son of IVAT IRONS and EMILY MUSKETT.

Child of ETHEL PALMER and JIM IRONS is:

i.RICHARD8 IRONS, m. LIVING STURGESS.

21. THIRZA LUCRETIA7 FRISBY (EMMA REBECCA6 PALMER, GEORGE5, FREDERICK GEORGE4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 22 Jan 1916 in Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England, and died 1989 in Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England. She married JOHN JAMES HENRY STOKES 22 Oct 1938 in Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England. He was born 1912 in Stibbington, Hutingdonshire, England.

More About JOHN STOKES and THIRZA FRISBY:

Marriage: 22 Oct 1938, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England

Children of THIRZA FRISBY and JOHN STOKES are:

i.ROY PATRICK8 STOKES, b. 16 Mar 1940, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England d. 2001, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England.

29.ii.JOYCE STOKES, b. 07 Oct 1942, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England.

iii.PAMELA STOKES, b. 07 Oct 1942, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England d. 2003, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England.

22. HENRY ROBERT7 CHITTENDEN (KATHERINE BERTHA6 PALMER, ELIZABETH5, FREDERICK GEORGE4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 15 Jun 1918 in Hillside, Harare, Zimbabwe. He married JEAN THORA OAKLEY SMITH 09 Mar 1946, daughter of WILLIAM SMITH and EDITH OAKLEY. She was born 05 Sep 1924 in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe.

More About HENRY CHITTENDEN and JEAN SMITH:

Children of HENRY CHITTENDEN and JEAN SMITH are:

30.i.HILARY ANNE8 CHITTENDEN, b. 05 Aug 1947, Harare, Zimbabwe d. 2006, Johannesburg, South Africa.

31.ii.GEOFFREY IAN HARRY CHITTENDEN, b. 15 Mar 1949, Harare, Zimbabwe.

32.iii.KIM DOUGLAS CHITTENDEN, b. 30 Oct 1954, Harare, Zimbabwe.

23. REGINALD IVOR7 CHITTENDEN (KATHERINE BERTHA6 PALMER, ELIZABETH5, FREDERICK GEORGE4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 30 Oct 1921 in Salisbury, Rhodesia. He married MAVIS ALIA DE GREY BIRCH 08 Mar 1952. She was born 20 Jan 1922.

More About REGINALD CHITTENDEN and MAVIS BIRCH:

Children of REGINALD CHITTENDEN and MAVIS BIRCH are:

33.i.DEREK ROLAND8 CHITTENDEN, b. 10 Dec 1957, Salisbury, Rhodesia.

ii.CRAIG GRENVILLE CHITTENDEN, b. 22 Sep 1960, Harare, Zimbabwe.

More About CRAIG GRENVILLE CHITTENDEN:

Occupation: Company Director

24. VEERE FREDERICK7 BURRELL (ANNE EILEEN6 PALMER, VEERE5, ISSAC4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 25 Mar 1922 in Lewisham, London, England, and died 1998 in Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England. He married ENID DAPHNE MARSHALL. She was born 1923 in Hendon, Middlesex, England, and died 2003 in Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England.

Child of VEERE BURRELL and ENID MARSHALL is:

i.ROBERT CHRISTOPHER DAVID8 BURRELL, b. 1953.

25. VEERE7 PALMER (WILLIAM BROADHEAD6, VEERE5, ISSAC4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 1931.

Children of VEERE PALMER are:

26. GERALD ERIC7 PALMER (FREDERICK ALEXANDER6, CHARLES ALEXANDER5, ISSAC4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 06 Apr 1929 in Camberwell, London, England, and died 22 May 2003 in Cruise Ship Sundream. He married JOYCE LILLIAN CORDELL, daughter of ROBERT CORDELL and EDITH SMITH. She was born 1929, and died 2009.

Child of GERALD PALMER and JOYCE CORDELL is:

27. ROBERT8 TAYLOR (KATHLEEN EMILY7 PALMER, CHARLES EDWARD6, FREDERICK THOMAS5, FREDERICK GEORGE4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 08 Jun 1945 in Rotherham, Sheffield, England. He married CHRISTINE SANDRA WHYATT 21 Nov 1964 in Whitwick, Leicstershire, England, daughter of JOSEPH WHYATT and SARAH HARVEY. She was born 18 Jun 1945 in Whitwick, Leicstershire, England.

More About ROBERT TAYLOR and CHRISTINE WHYATT:

Marriage: 21 Nov 1964, Whitwick, Leicstershire, England

Children of ROBERT TAYLOR and CHRISTINE WHYATT are:

34.i.ANDREW GEORGE9 TAYLOR, b. 25 Feb 1969, Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire, England.

35.ii.STEPHANIE MARIE TAYLOR, b. 20 Feb 1966, Ashby-de-la-Zouch, Leicestershire, England.

28. JOHN HENRY8 TAYLOR (KATHLEEN EMILY7 PALMER, CHARLES EDWARD6, FREDERICK THOMAS5, FREDERICK GEORGE4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 1954 in Sheffield, England. He married NINA KAY WALTON 1975 in Sheffield, England, daughter of MAC WALTON and EVA SAYNOR. She was born 1954 in Sheffield, England.

More About JOHN TAYLOR and NINA WALTON:

Marriage: 1975, Sheffield, England

Children of JOHN TAYLOR and NINA WALTON are:

i.CHRISTIAN MARK9 TAYLOR, b. 1976, Hampshire, England m. RONI WILKES, 2011, Westminster, London, England b. 1979, Hampshire, England.

More About CHRISTIAN TAYLOR and RONI WILKES:

Marriage: 2011, Westminster, London, England

ii.CLAIRE RACHEL TAYLOR, b. 1988, Sheffield, Yorkshire, England.

29. JOYCE8 STOKES (THIRZA LUCRETIA7 FRISBY, EMMA REBECCA6 PALMER, GEORGE5, FREDERICK GEORGE4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 07 Oct 1942 in Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England. She married KEITH KING 19 Dec 1964 in Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England. He was born 1942 in Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England.

More About KEITH KING and JOYCE STOKES:

Marriage: 19 Dec 1964, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England

Children of JOYCE STOKES and KEITH KING are:

i.IAN KEITH9 KING, b. 1968, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England.

36.ii.STEPHEN JOHN KING, b. 21 Apr 1971, Peterborough, Cambridgeshire, England.

30. HILARY ANNE8 CHITTENDEN (HENRY ROBERT7, KATHERINE BERTHA6 PALMER, ELIZABETH5, FREDERICK GEORGE4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 05 Aug 1947 in Harare, Zimbabwe, and died 2006 in Johannesburg, South Africa. She married ROLAND BRADLEY BARKER 10 Feb 1968 in Prince Edward School Chapel, Harare, Zimbabwe, son of THOMAS BARKER and JESSIE BRADLEY. He was born 23 Jan 1937 in Johannesburg, South Africa, and died 2006.

More About HILARY ANNE CHITTENDEN:

Cause of Death: Died of cardiac and congestive pulmonary failure from progressive muscle weaknes

More About ROLAND BRADLEY BARKER:

More About ROLAND BARKER and HILARY CHITTENDEN:

Marriage: 10 Feb 1968, Prince Edward School Chapel, Harare, Zimbabwe

Children of HILARY CHITTENDEN and ROLAND BARKER are:

37.i.COLLEEN DEBRA9 BARKER, b. 23 Sep 1970, Harare, Zimbabwe.

38.ii.BRUCE BRADLEY BARKER, b. 30 May 1972, Harare, Zimbabwe.

31. GEOFFREY IAN HARRY8 CHITTENDEN (HENRY ROBERT7, KATHERINE BERTHA6 PALMER, ELIZABETH5, FREDERICK GEORGE4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 15 Mar 1949 in Harare, Zimbabwe. He married CYNTHIA VALERIE THORPE, daughter of GEOFFREY THORPE and DOLORES LAWS. She was born 24 Feb 1951 in Harare, Zimbabwe.

More About GEOFFREY IAN HARRY CHITTENDEN:

More About CYNTHIA VALERIE THORPE:

Children of GEOFFREY CHITTENDEN and CYNTHIA THORPE are:

i.MARK GEOFFREY9 CHITTENDEN, b. 23 Sep 1975, Harare, Zimbabwe d. 1975, Harare, Zimbabwe.

39.ii.NICOLA LINDSAY CHITTENDEN, b. 06 Nov 1976, Harare, Zimbabwe.

iii.ANDREW GEOFFREY CHITTENDEN, b. 14 Dec 1978, Harare, Zimbabwe m. EMBER MIDDLETON b. 04 Feb 1980, Bendigo, Victoria, Australia.

More About ANDREW GEOFFREY CHITTENDEN:

Occupation: Financial Manager

More About EMBER MIDDLETON:

Occupation: Secondary School Teacher

32. KIM DOUGLAS8 CHITTENDEN (HENRY ROBERT7, KATHERINE BERTHA6 PALMER, ELIZABETH5, FREDERICK GEORGE4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 30 Oct 1954 in Harare, Zimbabwe. He married (1) DIANE MARGARET PRIOR. She was born 05 Apr 1955 in Hwange, Zimbabwe. He married (2) TRACY JENNIFER BYATT BURT 11 Mar 1989 in Harare, Zimbabwe, daughter of PETER BURT and ELIZABETH SPRINGETT. She was born 23 Dec 1959 in Mutare, Zimbabwe.

More About KIM DOUGLAS CHITTENDEN:

Occupation: Freelance Photographer

More About KIM CHITTENDEN and DIANE PRIOR:

More About TRACY JENNIFER BYATT BURT:

Occupation: Global Human Resources Manager

More About KIM CHITTENDEN and TRACY BURT:

Marriage: 11 Mar 1989, Harare, Zimbabwe

Children of KIM CHITTENDEN and DIANE PRIOR are:

i.BRETT STUART9 CHITTENDEN, b. 02 Aug 1978, Harare, Zimbabwe m. TONI-ANN D'OLIVEIRA b. 03 Oct 1981, Harare, Zimbabwe.

More About BRETT STUART CHITTENDEN:

Occupation: Scuba Diving Instructor

ii.SCOTT DOUGLAS CHITTENDEN, b. 09 Jul 1981, Harare, Zimbabwe.

More About SCOTT DOUGLAS CHITTENDEN:

Occupation: Primary School Teacher

33. DEREK ROLAND8 CHITTENDEN (REGINALD IVOR7, KATHERINE BERTHA6 PALMER, ELIZABETH5, FREDERICK GEORGE4, WILLIAM3, RICHARD2, RICHARD1) was born 10 Dec 1957 in Salisbury, Rhodesia. He married BETH DRIMAN 12 Jun 1982 in Johannesburg, South Africa.


Biography [ edit | edit source ]

Born in Pleasantville, Pennsylvania, Palmer attended Allegheny College in Meadville, Pennsylvania. Ώ]

The New York Press hired Palmer in 1895 as its London correspondent and this opportunity evolved into a long career. Ώ]

War correspondent [ edit | edit source ]

Palmer's fifty years as a war correspondent began when he was sent to cover the Greco-Turkish War of 1897 for the New York World and for Collier's Weekly. He then covered the gold rush in northwestern Canada. The Philippine–American War (1899–1902) provided an opportunity for him to cross the Pacific bound for Manila. Ώ]

In 1900, Palmer went to China to cover the Boxer Rebellion (1900) and then he was sent to cover the Boer War (1899–1902) in South Africa. Ώ]

Western military attachés and war correspondents with the Japanese forces after the Battle of Shaho (1904): 1. Robert Collins 2. David Fraser 3. Capt. Francois Dhani 4. Capt. James Jardine 5. Frederick McKenzie 6. Edward Knight 7. Charles Victor-Thomas 8. Oscar Davis 9. William Maxwell 10. Robert MacHugh 11. William Dinwiddie 12. Frederick Palmer 13. Capt. Berkeley Vincent 14. John Bass 15. Martin Donohoe 16. Capt. ____ 17. Capt. Carl von Hoffman 18. ____ 19. ____ 20. ____ 21. Gen. Sir Ian Hamilton 22. ____ 23. ____ 24. ____ 25. ____.

Then the prospect of military conflict in Manchuria brought him back to China to cover the Russo-Japanese War (1904–1905) for the New York Globe.. ΐ]

The New York Times sent Palmer to cover the Balkan War in 1912. Ώ]

In 1914, Palmer was arrested in Mexico City while covering the Tampico Affair (1914) and the United States occupation of Veracruz for Everybody's Magazine. Ώ]

World War I [ edit | edit source ]

General John Pershing persuaded him to take on the task of press accreditation for the American Expeditionary Force (AEF). In this period, he was accorded the rank of Colonel. Ώ] Palmer subsequently became the first war correspondent to win the U.S. Army's Distinguished Service Medal.

Between World War I and World War II, Palmer wrote thirty-one books, including Our Greatest Battle, based on his World War I experiences. In his books, he provided an analysis of the future impact of weapons and strategies he had seen, and soon after the end of World War I predicted that a second world war was on the horizon. He was awarded an honorary doctorate from Princeton University in 1935.


In the last decade alone, American taxpayers have spent at least $40 million on Confederate monuments and groups that perpetuate racist ideology

With centuries-old trees, manicured lawns, a tidy cemetery and a babbling brook, the Jefferson Davis Home and Presidential Library is a marvelously peaceful, green oasis amid the garish casinos, T-shirt shops and other tourist traps on Highway 90 in Biloxi, Mississippi.

One gray October morning, about 650 local schoolchildren on a field trip to Beauvoir, as the home is called, poured out of buses in the parking lot. A few ran to the yard in front of the main building to explore the sprawling live oak whose lower limbs reach across the lawn like massive arms. In the gift shop they perused Confederate memorabilia—mugs, shirts, caps and sundry items, many emblazoned with the battle flag of the Army of Northern Virginia.

It was a big annual event called Fall Muster, so the field behind the library was teeming with re-enactors cast as Confederate soldiers, sutlers and camp followers. A group of fourth graders from D’Iberville, a quarter of them black, crowded around a table heaped with 19th-century military gear. Binoculars. Satchels. Bayonets. Rifles. A portly white man, sweating profusely in his Confederate uniform, loaded a musket and fired, to oohs and aahs.

A woman in a white floor-length dress decorated with purple flowers gathered a group of older tourists on the porch of the “library cottage,” where Davis, by then a living symbol of defiance, retreated in 1877 to write his memoir, The Rise and Fall of the Confederate Government. After a discussion of the window treatments and oil paintings, the other visitors left, and we asked the guide what she could tell us about slavery.

Sometimes children ask about it, she said. “I want to tell them the honest truth, that slavery was good and bad.” While there were some “hateful slave owners,” she said, “it was good for the people that didn’t know how to take care of themselves, and they needed a job, and you had good slave owners like Jefferson Davis, who took care of his slaves and treated them like family. He loved them.”

The subject resurfaced the next day, before a mock battle, when Jefferson Davis—a re-enactor named J.W. Binion—addressed the crowd. “We were all Americans and we fought a war that could have been prevented,” Binion declared. “And it wasn’t fought over slavery, by the way!”

Then cannons boomed, muskets cracked, men fell. The Confederates beat back the Federals. An honor guard in gray fired a deafening volley. It may have been a scripted victory for the Rebels, but it was a genuine triumph for the racist ideology known as the Lost Cause—a triumph made possible by taxpayer money.

We went to Beauvoir, the nation’s grandest Confederate shrine, and to similar sites across the Old South, in the midst of the great debate raging in America over public monuments to the Confederate past. That controversy has erupted angrily, sometimes violently, in Virginia, North Carolina, Louisiana and Texas. The acrimony is unlikely to end soon. While authorities in a number of cities—Baltimore, Memphis, New Orleans, among others—have responded by removing Confederate monuments, roughly 700 remain across the South.

To address this explosive issue in a new way, we spent months investigating the history and financing of Confederate monuments and sites. Our findings directly contradict the most common justifications for continuing to preserve and sustain these memorials.

First, far from simply being markers of historic events and people, as proponents argue, these memorials were created and funded by Jim Crow governments to pay homage to a slave-owning society and to serve as blunt assertions of dominance over African-Americans.

Second, contrary to the claim that today’s objections to the monuments are merely the product of contemporary political correctness, they were actively opposed at the time, often by African-Americans, as instruments of white power.

Finally, Confederate monuments aren’t just heirlooms, the artifacts of a bygone era. Instead, American taxpayers are still heavily investing in these tributes today. We have found that, over the past ten years, taxpayers have directed at least $40 million to Confederate monuments—statues, homes, parks, museums, libraries and cemeteries—and to Confederate heritage organizations.

For our investigation, the most extensive effort to capture the scope of public spending on Confederate memorials and organizations, we submitted 175 open records requests to the states of the former Confederacy, plus Missouri and Kentucky, and to federal, county and municipal authorities. We also combed through scores of nonprofit tax filings and public reports. Though we undoubtedly missed some expenditures, we have identified significant public funding for Confederate sites and groups in Mississippi, Virginia, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Kentucky, South Carolina and Tennessee.

In addition, we visited dozens of sites, to document how they represent history and, in particular, slavery: After all, the Confederacy’s founding documents make clear that the Confederacy was established to defend and perpetuate that crime against humanity.

(Listen to an episode of Reveal, from The Center for Investigative Reporting, about this special reporting project.)

A century and a half after the Civil War, American taxpayers are still helping to sustain the defeated Rebels’ racist doctrine, the Lost Cause. First advanced in 1866 by a Confederate partisan named Edward Pollard, it maintains that the Confederacy was based on a noble ideal, the Civil War was not about slavery, and slavery was benign. “The state is giving the stamp of approval to these Lost Cause ideas, and the money is a symbol of that approval,” Karen Cox, a historian of the American South at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte, said of our findings. “What does that say to black citizens of the state, or other citizens, or to younger generations?”

The public funding of Confederate iconography is also troubling because of its deployment by white nationalists, who have rallied to support monuments in New Orleans, Richmond and Memphis. The deadly protest in Charlottesville, Virginia, in 2017, where a neo-Nazi rammed his car into counter-protesters, killing Heather Heyer, was staged to oppose the removal of a Robert E. Lee statue. In 2015, before Dylann Roof opened fire on a Bible study group at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church in Charleston, South Carolina, killing nine African-Americans, he spent a day touring places associated with the subjugation of black people, including former plantations and a Confederate museum.

“Confederate sites play to the white supremacist imagination,” said Heidi Beirich, who leads the Southern Poverty Law Center’s work tracking hate groups. “They are treated as sacred by white supremacists and represent what this country should be and what it would have been” if the Civil War had not been lost.

Members of the Sons of Confederate Veterans visit the Jefferson Davis State Historic Site. The Fairview, Kentucky, park cost the state $1.1 million in the last decade. (Brian Palmer)

Like many of the sites we toured across the South, Beauvoir is privately owned and operated. Its board of directors is made up of members of the Mississippi division of the Sons of Confederate Veterans, a national organization founded in 1896 and limited to male descendants of “any veteran who served honorably in the Confederate armed forces.” The board handles the money that flows into the institution from visitors, private supporters and taxpayers.

The Mississippi legislature earmarks $100,000 a year for preservation of Beauvoir. In 2014, the organization received a $48,475 grant from the Federal Emergency Management Agency for “protective measures.” As of May 2010, Beauvoir had received $17.2 million in federal and state aid related to damages caused by Hurricane Katrina in 2005. While nearly half of that money went to renovating historic structures and replacing content, more than $8.3 million funded construction of a new building that contains a museum and library.

When we visited, three times since the fall of 2017, the lavishly appointed library displayed the only acknowledgment of slavery that we could find at the entire 52-acre site, though Davis had owned dozens of black men, women and children before the war: four posters, which portrayed the former slaves Robert Brown, who continued to work for the Davis family after the war, and Benjamin and Isaiah Montgomery, a father and son who were owned by Jefferson’s elder brother, Joseph. Benjamin eventually purchased two of Joseph’s plantations.

The state Department of Archives and History says the money the legislature provides to Beauvoir is allocated for preservation of the building, a National Historic Landmark, not for interpretation. Beauvoir staff members told us that the facility doesn’t deal with slavery because the site’s state-mandated focus is the period Davis lived there, 1877 to 1889, after slavery was abolished.

But this focus is honored only in the breach. The museum celebrates the Confederate soldier in a cavernous hall filled with battle flags, uniforms and weapons. Tour guides and re-enactors routinely denied the realities of slavery in their presentations to visitors. Fall Muster, a highlight of the Beauvoir calendar, is nothing if not a raucous salute to Confederate might.

Thomas Payne, the site’s executive director until this past April, said in an interview that his goal was to make Beauvoir a “neutral educational institution.” For him, that involved countering what he referred to as “political correctness from the national media,” which holds that Southern whites are “an evil repugnant group of ignorant people who fought only to enslave other human beings.” Slavery, he said, “should be condemned. But what people need to know is that most of the people in the South were not slave owners,” and that Northerners also kept slaves. What’s more, Payne went on, “there’s actually evidence where the individual who was enslaved was better off physically and mentally and otherwise.”

The notion that slavery was beneficial to slaves was notably expressed by Jefferson Davis himself, in the posthumously published memoir he wrote at Beauvoir. Enslaved Africans sent to America were “enlightened by the rays of Christianity,” he wrote, and “increased from a few unprofitable savages to millions of efficient Christian laborers. Their servile instincts rendered them contented with their lot. Never was there a happier dependence of labor and capital upon each other.”

That myth, a pillar of the Lost Cause, remains a core belief of neo-Confederates, despite undeniable historic proof of slavery’s brutality. In 1850, the great abolitionist Frederick Douglass, who had escaped slavery, said, “To talk of kindness entering into a relation in which one party is robbed of wife, of children, of his hard earnings, of home, of friends, of society, of knowledge, and of all that makes this life desirable is most absurd, wicked, and preposterous.”

Schoolchildren from D’Iberville, Mississippi, listened to a costumed guide at the Jefferson Davis Home and Presidential Library in 2017. (Brian Palmer) A statue of Jefferson Davis overlooks the mansion grounds. The notion that slavery was beneficial to slaves was notably expressed by Davis himself in the posthumously published memoir he wrote at Beauvoir. (Brian Palmer) Davis (an image at Beauvoir) argued that slavery was moral, giving African-Americans the “arts of peace, order and civilization.” (Brian Palmer) A flag rests on a chair on the porch. Nearby the gift shop stocks mugs, shirts, caps and other items, many emblazoned with Confederate symbols. (Brian Palmer) Costumed re-enactors take a selfie and greet local schoolchildren at the big annual event called Fall Muster at Beauvoir. (Brian Palmer) The audience at the Fall Muster will see a mock battle between Union and Confederate troops and hear a Jefferson Davis re-enactor. (Brian Palmer) An Alabaman named J.W. Binion acted the part of President Jefferson Davis during the annual Fall Muster event at Beauvoir in October 2017. (Brian Palmer) Students from North Bay Elementary School in Biloxi and D’Iberville Middle School as well as parents and teachers attend presentations. (Brian Palmer) Sunlight streaks through the trees on the grounds of Beauvoir, which was Davis’ last home. (Brian Palmer)

A few miles off the highway between Montgomery and Birmingham, past trailer homes and cotton fields, are the manicured grounds and arched metal gateways of Confederate Memorial Park. The state of Alabama acquired the property in 1903 as an old-age home for Confederate veterans, their wives and their widows. After the last residents died, the park closed. But in 1964, as civil rights legislation gained steam in Washington, Alabama’s all-white legislature revived the site as a “shrine to the honor of Alabama’s citizens of the Confederacy.”

The day we visited, 16 men in Confederate uniforms drilled in the quiet courtyards. Two women in hoop skirts stood to the side, looking at their cellphones. Though Alabama state parks often face budget cuts—one park had to close all its campsites in 2016—Confederate Memorial Park received some $600,000 that year. In the past decade, the state has allocated more than $5.6 million to the site. The park, which in 2016 served fewer than 40,000 visitors, recently expanded, with replica Civil War barracks completed in 2017.

The museum in the Alabama park attempts a history of the Civil War through the story of the common Confederate soldier, an approach that originated soon after the war and remains popular today. It is tragic that hundreds of thousands of young men died on the battlefield. But the common soldier narrative was forged as a sentimental ploy to divert attention from the scalding realities of secession and slavery—to avoid acknowledging that “there was a right side and a wrong side in the late war,” as Douglass put it in 1878.

The memorial barely mentions black people. On a small piece of card stock, a short entry says “Alabama slaves became an important part of the war’s story in several different ways,” adding that some ran away or joined the Union Army, while others were conscripted to fight for the Confederacy or maintain fortifications. There is a photograph of a Confederate officer, reclining, next to an enslaved black man, also clad in a uniform, who bears an expression that can only be described as dread. Near the end of the exhibit, a lone panel states that slavery was a factor in spurring secession.

These faint nods to historical fact were overpowered by a banner that spanned the front of a log cabin on state property next to the museum: “Many have been taught the war between the states was fought by the Union to eliminate Slavery. THIS VIEW IS NOT SUPPORTED BY THE HISTORICAL EVIDENCE. The Southern States Seceded Because They Resented the Northern States Using Their Numerical Advantage in Congress to Confiscate the Wealth of the South to the Advantage of the Northern States.”

The state has a formal agreement with the Sons of Confederate Veterans to use the cabin as a library. Inside, books about Confederate generals and Confederate history lined the shelves. The South Was Right!, which has been called the neo-Confederate “bible,” lay on a table. The 1991 book’s co-author, Walter Kennedy, helped found the League of the South, a self-identified “Southern nationalist” organization that the Southern Poverty Law Center has classified as a hate group. “When we Southerners begin to realize the moral veracity of our cause,” the book says, “we will see it not as a ‘lost cause,’ but as the right cause, a cause worthy of the great struggle yet to come!”

A spokeswoman for the Alabama Historical Commission said she could not explain how the banner on the cabin had been permitted and declined our request to interview the site’s director.

Alabama laws, like those in other former Confederate states, make numerous permanent allocations to advance the memory of the Confederacy. The First White House of the Confederacy, where Jefferson Davis and his family lived at the outbreak of the Civil War, is an Italianate mansion in Montgomery adjacent to the State Capitol. The state chartered the White House Association of Alabama to run the facility, and spent $152,821 in 2017 alone on salaries and maintenance for this monument to Davis—more than $1 million over the last decade—to remind the public “for all time of how pure and great were southern statesmen and southern valor.” That language from 1923 remains on the books.

An hour and a half east of Atlanta by car lies Crawfordville (pop. 600), the seat of Taliaferro County, a majority black county with one of the lowest median household incomes in Georgia. A quarter of the town’s land is occupied by the handsomely groomed, 1,177-acre A.H. Stephens State Park. Since 2011 state taxpayers have given the site $1.1 million. Most of that money is spent on campsites and trails, but as with other Confederate sites that boast recreational facilities—most famously, Stone Mountain, also in Georgia—the A.H. Stephens park was established to venerate Confederate leadership. And it still does.

Alexander Hamilton Stephens is well known for a profoundly racist speech he gave in Savannah in 1861 a month after becoming vice president of the provisional Confederacy. The Confederacy’s “foundations are laid, its cornerstone rests upon the great truth, that the negro is not equal to the white man that slavery—subordination to the superior race—is his natural and normal condition. This, our new government, is the first, in the history of the world, based upon this great physical, philosophical, and moral truth.”

That speech was nowhere in evidence during our visit to the park. It wasn’t in the Confederate museum, which was erected by the United Daughters of the Confederacy with the support of the state of Georgia in 1952 and displays Confederate firearms and uniforms. It wasn’t among the printed texts authored by Stephens that are placed on tabletops in the former slave quarters for visitors to peruse. And it wasn’t in the plantation house, called Liberty Hall.

Our guide, a state employee, opened the door of a small two-room cabin once occupied by Harry and Eliza—two of the 34 people Stephens held in bondage. The guide pointed to a photograph of the couple on a wall and said Stephens “kept them good, and took care of the people who worked for him.” We went on many tours of the homes of the Confederacy’s staunchest ideologues, and without exception we were told that the owners were good and the slaves were happy.

After the war, Stephens spent a great deal of energy pretending he wasn’t entirely pro-slavery, and he returned to public life as a member of Congress and then as governor. Robert Bonner, a historian at Dartmouth who is at work on a biography of Stephens, said the Stephens memorial maintains the fraud: “The story at Liberty Hall is a direct version of the story Stephens fabricated about himself after the war.”

Half an hour away is the home of Robert Toombs, the Confederacy’s secretary of state and Stephens’ close friend. His house has been recently restored, with state as well as private funds, and Wilkes County has taken over daily operations. In a ground-floor gallery, posters in gilt frames hang below banners that announce the four acts of Toombs’ life: “The Formative Years,” “The Baron of Wilkes County,” “The Premier of the Confederacy” and “Without a Country.” About slavery, nothing.

When asked about that, the docent, a young volunteer, retrieved a binder containing a Works Progress Administration oral history given by Alonza Fantroy Toombs. It begins, “I’se the proudest nigger in de worl’, caze I was a slave belonging to Marse Robert Toombs of Georgia de grandest man dat ever lived, next to Jesus Christ.”

A more revealing, well-documented story is that of Garland H. White, an enslaved man who escaped Toombs’ ownership just before the Civil War and fled to Ontario. After the war erupted he heroically risked his freedom to join the United States Colored Troops. He served as an Army chaplain and traveled to recruit African-American soldiers. We found no mention at the Toombs memorial of White’s experience. In fact, we know of no monument to White in all of Georgia.

An average of $18,000 in county monies each year since 2011, plus $80,000 in state renovation funds in 2017 alone, have been devoted to this memorial to Toombs, who refused to take the oath of allegiance to the United States after the war and fled to Cuba and France to avoid arrest. Upon his return to Georgia, Toombs labored to circumscribe the freedom of African-Americans. “Give us a convention,” Toombs said in 1876, “and I will fix it so that the people shall rule and the Negro shall never be heard from.” The following year he got that convention, which passed a poll tax and other measures to disenfranchise black men.

It’s difficult to imagine that all the Confederate monuments and historic sites dotting the landscape today would have been established if African-Americans had had a say in the matter.

Historically, the installation of Confederate monuments went hand in hand with the disenfranchisement of black people. The historical record suggests that monument-building peaked during three pivotal periods: from the late 1880s into the 1890s, as Reconstruction was being crushed from the 1900s through the 1920s, with the rise of the second Ku Klux Klan, the increase in lynching and the codification of Jim Crow and in the 1950s and 1960s, around the centennial of the war but also in reaction to advances in civil rights. An observation by the Yale historian David Blight, describing a “Jim Crow reunion” at Gettysburg, captures the spirit of Confederate monument-building, when “white supremacy might be said to have been the silent, invisible, master of ceremonies.”

Yet courageous black leaders did speak out, right from the start. In 1870, Douglass wrote, “Monuments to the ‘lost cause’ will prove monuments of folly . in the memories of a wicked rebellion which they must necessarily perpetuate. It is a needless record of stupidity and wrong.”

In 1931, W.E.B. Du Bois criticized even simple statues erected to honor Confederate leaders. “The plain truth of the matter,” Du Bois wrote, “would be an inscription something like this: ‘sacred to the memory of those who fought to Perpetuate Human Slavery.’”

In 1966, Martin Luther King Jr. joined a voting rights rally in Grenada, Mississippi, at the Jefferson Davis monument, where, earlier that day, an organizer named Robert Green declared, “We want brother Jefferson Davis to know the Mississippi he represented, the South he represented, will never stand again.”

In today’s debates about the public display of Confederate symbols, the strong objections of early African-American critics are seldom remembered, perhaps because they had no impact on (white) officeholders at the time. But the urgent black protests of the past now have the ring of prophecy.

John Mitchell Jr., an African-American, was a journalist and a member of Richmond’s city council during Reconstruction. Like his friend and colleague Ida B. Wells, Mitchell was born into slavery, and spent much of his career documenting lynchings and campaigning against them also like Wells, he was personally threatened with lynching.

Arguing fiercely against spending public money to memorialize the Confederacy, Mitchell took aim at the movement to erect a grand Robert E. Lee statue, and tried to block funding for the proposed statue’s dedication ceremony. But a white conservative majority steamrolled Mitchell and the two other black council members, and the Lee statue was unveiled on May 29, 1890. Gov. Fitzhugh Lee, a nephew of Lee and a former Confederate general himself, was president of the Lee Monument Association, which executed the project. Virginia issued bonds to support its construction. The city of Richmond funded Dedication Day events, attended by some 150,000 people.

Mitchell covered the celebration for the Richmond Planet, the paper he edited. “This glorification of States Rights Doctrine—the right of secession, and the honoring of men who represented that cause,” he wrote, “fosters in the Republic, the spirit of Rebellion and will ultimately result in the handing down to generations unborn a legacy of treason and blood.”

In the past decade, Virginia has spent $174,000 to maintain the Lee statue, which has become a lightning rod for the larger controversy. In 2017, Richmond police spent some $500,000 to guard the monument and keep the peace during a neo-Confederate protest there.

Vandals struck Richmond’s Lee monument in August. Opposition to the statue isn’t new in 1890, leading African-Americans opposed its installation. (Brian Palmer) In Richmond in September 2017, counter-protesters spoke out against neo-Confederates who rallied in support of the Robert E. Lee monument. (Brian Palmer) Onlookers at the September 2017 neo-Confederate event in Richmond are seen leaving the area after they were heckled by counter-protesters. (Brian Palmer)

In 1902, several years after nearly every African-American elected official was driven from office in Virginia, and as blacks were being systematically purged from voter rolls, the state’s all-white legislature established an annual allocation for the care of Confederate graves. Over time, we found, that spending has totaled roughly $9 million in today’s dollars.

Treating the graves of Confederate soldiers with dignity might not seem like a controversial endeavor. But the state has refused to extend the same dignity to the African-American men and women whom the Confederacy fought to keep enslaved. Black lawmakers have long pointed out this blatant inequity. In 2017, the legislature finally passed the Historical African American Cemeteries and Graves Act, which is meant to address the injustice. Still, less than $1,000 has been spent so far, and while a century of investment has kept Confederate cemeteries in rather pristine condition, many grave sites of the formerly enslaved and their descendants are overgrown and in ruins.

Significantly, Virginia disburses public funding for Confederate graves directly to the United Daughters of the Confederacy, which distributes it to, among others, local chapters of the UDC and the Sons of Confederate Veterans. Since 2009, Virginia taxpayers have sent more than $800,000 to the UDC.

The UDC, a women’s Confederate heritage group with thousands of members in 18 states and the District of Columbia, is arguably the leading advocate for Confederate memorials, and it has a history of racist propagandizing. One of the organization’s most influential figures was Mildred Lewis Rutherford, of Athens, Georgia, a well-known speaker and writer at the turn of the 20th century and the UDC’s historian general from 1911 to 1916.

Rutherford was so devoted to restoring the racial hierarchies of the past that she traveled the country in full plantation regalia spreading the “true history,” she called it, which cast slave owners and Klansmen as heroes. She pressured public schools and libraries across the South to accept materials that advanced Lost Cause mythology, including pro-Klan literature that referred to black people as “ignorant and brutal.” At the center of her crusade was the belief that slaves had been “the happiest set of people on the face of the globe,” “well-fed, well-clothed, and well-housed.” She excoriated the Freedmen’s Bureau, a federal agency charged with protecting the rights of African-Americans, and argued that emancipation had unleashed such violence by African-Americans that “the Ku Klux Klan was necessary to protect the white woman.”

UDC officials did not respond to our interview requests. Previously, though, the organization has disavowed any links to hate groups, and in 2017 the president-general, Patricia Bryson, released a statement saying the UDC “totally denounces any individual or group that promotes racial divisiveness or white supremacy.”

Confederate cemeteries in Virginia that receive taxpayer funds handled by the UDC are nonetheless used as gathering places for groups with extreme views. One afternoon last May, we attended the Confederate Memorial Day ceremony in the Confederate section of the vast Oakwood Cemetery in Richmond. We were greeted by members of the Sons of Confederate Veterans and the Virginia Flaggers, a group that says its mission is to “stand AGAINST those who would desecrate our Confederate Monuments and memorials, and FOR our Confederate Veterans.”

An honor guard of re-enactors presented an array of Confederate standards. Participants stood at attention for an invocation read by a chaplain in period dress. They put their hands on their hearts, in salute to the Confederate flag. Susan Hathaway, a member of the Virginia Flaggers, led the crowd of several dozen in a song that was once the official paean to the Commonwealth:

Carry me back to old Virginny,
There’s where the cotton and the corn and taters grow,
There’s where the birds warble sweet in the springtime,
There’s where this old darkey’s heart am long’d to go.

“Very little has been done to address the legacy of slavery and its meaning in contemporary life.”

That scathing assessment of the nation’s unwillingness to face the truth was issued recently by the Equal Justice Initiative, the Montgomery-based legal advocacy group that in April 2018 opened the first national memorial to victims of lynching.

A few Confederate historical sites, though, are showing signs of change. In Richmond, the American Civil War Center and the Museum of the Confederacy have joined forces to become the American Civil War Museum, now led by an African-American CEO, Christy Coleman. The new entity, she said, seeks to tell the story of the Civil War from multiple perspectives—the Union and the Confederacy, free and enslaved African-Americans—and to take on the distortions and omissions of Confederate ideology.

“For a very, very long time” the Lost Cause has dominated public histories of the Civil War, Coleman told us in an interview. “Once it was framed, it became the course for everything. It was the accepted narrative.” In a stark comparison, she noted that statues of Hitler and Goebbels aren’t scattered throughout Germany, and that while Nazi concentration camps have been made into museums, “they don’t pretend that they were less horrible than they actually were. And yet we do that to America’s concentration camps. We call them plantations, and we talk about how grand everything was, and we talk about the pretty dresses that women wore, and we talk about the wealth, and we refer to the enslaved population as servants as if this is some benign institution.”

Confederacy meets pop culture in a display last year at Richmond’s Museum of the Confederacy, which closed in September to become part of the American Civil War Museum. (Brian Palmer)

Stratford Hall, the Virginia plantation where Robert E. Lee was born, also has new leadership. Kelley Deetz, a historian and archaeologist who co-edited a paper titled “Historic Black Lives Matter: Archaeology as Activism in the 21st Century,” was hired in June as the site’s first director of programming and education. Stratford Hall, where 31 people were enslaved as of 1860, is revising how it presents slavery. The recent shocking violence in Charlottesville, Deetz said, was speeding up “the slow pace of dealing with these kinds of sensitive subjects.” She said, “I guarantee you that in a year or less, you go on a tour here and you’re going to hear about enslavement.”

In 1999, Congress took the extraordinary step of advising the National Park Service to re-evaluate its Civil War sites and do a better job of explaining “the unique role that slavery played in the cause of the conflict.” But vestiges of the Lost Cause still haunt park property. In rural Northern Virginia, in the middle of a vast lawn, stands a small white clapboard house with a long white chimney—the Stonewall Jackson Shrine, part of the Fredericksburg & Spotsylvania National Military Park. The Confederate general died in the house in May 1863. “The tendency for the park historically has been to invite people to mourn Jackson’s death,” John Hennessy, the park’s chief historian, told us. He believes that the site should be more than a shrine, however. Visitors, Hennessey said, should learn that Jackson “led an army in a rebellion in the service of a nation that intended to keep people in bondage forever.” He went on, “The greatest enemy to good public history is omission. We are experiencing as a society now the collateral damage that forgetting can inflict.”

A park ranger sitting in the gift shop rose to offer us a practiced talk that focused reverently on Jackson’s final days—the bed he slept on, the clock that still keeps time. The ranger said a “servant,” Jim Lewis, had stayed with Jackson in the small house as he lay dying. A plaque noted the room where Jackson’s white staff slept. But there was no sign in the room across the hall where Lewis stayed. Hennessy had recently removed it because it failed to acknowledge that Lewis was enslaved. Hennessy is working on a replacement. Slavery, for the moment, was present only in the silences.

During the Fall Muster at Beauvoir, the Jefferson Davis home, we met Stephanie Brazzle, a 39-year-old African-American Mississippian who had accompanied her daughter, a fourth grader, on a field trip. It was Brazzle’s first visit. “I always thought it was a place that wasn’t for us,” she said. Brazzle had considered keeping her daughter home, but decided against it. “I really do try to keep an open mind. I wanted to be able to talk to her about it.”

Brazzle walked the Beauvoir grounds all morning. She stood behind her daughter’s school group as they listened to re-enactors describe life in the Confederacy. She waited for some mention of the enslaved, or of African-Americans after emancipation. “It was like we were not even there,” she said, as if slavery “never happened.”

“I was shocked at what they were saying, and what wasn’t there,” she said. It’s not that Brazzle, who teaches psychology, can’t handle historic sites related to slavery. She can, and she wants her daughter, now 10, to face that history, too. She has taken her daughter to former plantations where the experience of enslaved people is a part of the interpretation. “She has to know what these places are,” Brazzle said. “My grandmother, whose grandparents were slaves, she told stories. We black people acknowledge that this is our history. We acknowledge that this still affects us.”

The overarching question is whether American taxpayers should support Lost Cause mythology. For now, that invented history, told by Confederates and retold by sympathizers for generations, is etched into the experience at sites like Beauvoir. In the well-kept Confederate cemetery behind the library, beyond a winding brook, beneath the flagpole, a large gray headstone faces the road. It is engraved with lines that the English poet Philip Stanhope Worsley dedicated to Robert E. Lee:

“No nation rose so white and fair, none fell so pure of crime.”

Subscribe to Smithsonian magazine now for just $12

This article is a selection from the December issue of Smithsonian magazine


Watch the video: Emerson, Lake u0026 Palmer - Fanfare For The Common Man (May 2022).