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Arado Ar 196 Plans

Arado Ar 196 Plans


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Arado Ar 196 Plans

Here we see three plans of the Arado Ar 196 patrol and attack aircraft.

The Arado Ar 196 was a patrol aircraft and attack bomber that was used from larger German warships and from land based units, with nearly 600 built by Arado, SNCA and Fokker.

This image is taken from US FM 30-35 Indentification of German Aircraft of 11 March 1942.


ARADO AR196 PDF

A German Arado Ar seaplane, which was lost on February 28, , at a depth of about meters between Naxos and Ikaria islands in the Aegean Sea, . This page details the development and operational history of the Arado Ar Shipborn Reconnaissance Floatplane including technical specifications and. The Arado Ar aircraft of the German battleship Bismarck.

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Post by Jan-Erik » 25 Apr 2004, 20:54

Any chance you could give your references?

Sure
From M.J. Whitleys "German capital ships of WWII"
Bismarck´s Arados on page 148
Scharnhorst´s on pages 108 and 128
and Admiral Sheer´s on page 130,and T3+EK on page 187

and from M.J.Whitleys "German cruisers of WWII"
Admiral Hipper pages 105 and 106
Prinz Eugen page 155

Arado 196 on Prinz Eugen

Post by brustcan » 25 Apr 2004, 21:17

Where do you take this from? I'd be interested in knowing your sources.

Codes on Prinz Eugen Arados

Post by brustcan » 25 Apr 2004, 21:28

Do you know where one might find out the aircrafts codes on the planes carried by different ships?

As far as i have found out:
Bismarck carried: T3+AK, T3+DL, T3+IH and T3+MJ
Tirpitz carried: BB+YF, T3+BL, T3+DL, T3+GK, T3+HK, T3+LH and T3+LK
Scharnhorst: T3+DH, T3+EH, and T3?+FM
Gniesenau:?
Admiral Sheer: T3+BH
Admiral Graf Spee:?
Deutschland/Lützow:?
Prinz Eugen: T3+KH, T3+MH, T3+CH
Admiral Hipper: T3+DH, T3+HK and T3+MH who was sunk when damaged
Blücher:?

HSK1 Orion:?
HSK4 Thor:?
HSK5 Pinguin:?
HSK6 Stier:?
HSK7 Komet:?
HSK8 Kormoran:?
HSK9 Michel:?

Post by Erik E » 25 Apr 2004, 23:09

I remember someone tried to sort out this a few years ago. Without luck.

Several units were used onboard these ships, and they would be switched from time to time. The conclution back then was that no particular code "belonged" to any ship. Planes with the same codes can be seen on photos from different ships, so obviously, they changed.

Post by varjag » 26 Apr 2004, 11:58

Post by Jan-Erik » 26 Apr 2004, 19:01

Post by Aziraphale » 26 Apr 2004, 19:11

Now that's something that makes me smile.
Good idea. I've started to do exactly that for the He 219 - perhaps someone could take it up for the Ar 196.


KMS Admiral Graf Spee

Authored By: Dan Alex | Last Edited: 07/14/2017 | Content ©www.MilitaryFactory.com | The following text is exclusive to this site.

The Admiral Graf Spee was a pre-World War 2 vessel of the Deutschland-class of German warships. She was designed and built during a time when Germany was still under the limitations of the Treaty of Versailles signed after World War 1. The treaty stipulated new warship designs with a displacement not to exceed 10,000 tons. However, the Admiral Graf Spee was a product of both rule-bending and outright disregard for such limitations - a practice that would prove more and more common during Hitler's rise to power. The Deutschland-class was first committed to sea by its lead ship - KMS Deutschland and this vessel was then followed by the KMS Admiral Scheer and, finally, the KMS Admiral Graf Spee. The Graf Spee was named after German Admiral Maximilian von Spee who was killed in combat during World War 1, going down with his flagship, two sons and 2,200 German sailors at the Battle of the Falkland Islands. The Admiral Graf Spee was laid down in October of 1932 and launched in June of 1934, being officially commissioned in January of 1936. All of the Deutschland-class ships were eventually lost to action in World War 2. The original lead ship "Deutschland" was later renamed the "Lutzow" for fear that such a named vessel, being lost to enemy action, might have devastating effects on national pride and morale.

Though all three ships of the class would easily exceed the allowed 10,000 tonnage limit (the Graf Spee alone topped 16,000 tons at construction's end) they were never truly "battleship-caliber" vessels by definition. Selected machinery arrived in the form of 8 x MAN diesel engines producing 56,000 shaft horsepower to two propeller shafts and this came with the added benefit of speed and proved a weight-saving measure, allowing attention to be paid to overall protection of the vessel through armor and, consequently, armament. Construction consisted of electric welding which further saved weight and was a contrast to the accepted practice of riveting. What German naval engineers had in fact produced was more of a "tweener" warship design - neither true battleship nor a true cruiser. The end-product sported "battleship-like" armament and armor but it was an inherently faster ocean-going design - speeds exceeding 28 knots. The vessel took on the performance capabilities of a cruiser type ship. To this end, the design became known to the world as a "pocket battleship" and the Graf Spee would be further set apart from her contemporaries in that she was also completed with an early form of shipborne radar known as "Seetakt" - the first German naval war vessel to be equipped as such.

The Graf Spee was armed with 6 x 11" main guns across two main turrets - three guns to a turret - with one turret emplacement set forward and the other held aft. This was supplemented by 8 x 5.9" guns and further strengthened by 6 x 105mm, 8 x 37mm and 10 x 20mm cannons throughout. The larger-caliber weapons were suitable against surface ships and land-based targets while the smaller-caliber systems could be used against both surface vessels and low-flying aircraft. Additionally the vessel was given true "ship-killing" capabilities in the form of 8 x 533mm torpedo tubes. Two Arado Ar 196 floatplane aircraft were carried aboard and launched from a catapult held amidships behind the bridge superstructure. These aircraft provided the vessel with the required "eye in the sky" conducting various reconnoitering sorties and, if called too, attacking with machine guns, bombs and depth charges. The aircraft could then be recovered from the water via a crane to be used again. The Graf Spee's side profile was characterized by its single smoke funnel held at amidships and high ranging mast. A crew of 1,150 officers and sailors made the vessel their wartime home.

Upon her completion, the Graf Spee set out on various propaganda tours after having completed her requisite sea trials. In August of 1939, the vessel was ordered to the South Atlantic with Captain Hans Langsdorff at the helm. World War 2 officially broke out in September of that year which now opened all Allied shipping in the Atlantic to raiding.

The Graf Spee is best known for her ultimate action at the "Battle of River Plate" in the South Atlantic, taking on British Royal Navy warships in December of 1939. The Germans spotted the HMS Exeter and a pair of cruisers - HMS Ajax and HMS Achilles - sailing on the horizon. Langsdorff ordered his men to battlestations and full speed ahead in an effort to surprise the enemy. However, the British spotted her in turn and readied for battle. British officer Henry Harwood directed his fleet to split from formation, forcing the Graf Spee to specifically select her targets to engage. Shells were exchanged in anger between the two sides with the Graf Spee crew earning much respect in the foray - considering she was outnumbered. The HMS Exeter was turned from the battle, heavily damaged, with successive hits from the Graf Spee. The German vessel's main guns were truly a match for the light-armored British vessels. A smokescreen was then laid by the Graf Spee believed to be under attack from torpedoes. Exeter returned after a break but was repelled once more. HMS Ajax now suffered damage from the Graf Spee, losing one of her turrets. The action was enough to see both sides break off combat and sail their respective ways.

Despite the showing, the Graf Spee was not an invincible vessel. In the action she incurred enough battle damage and wounded to force her to find a friendly port for repairs and removal of the injured. Some reports state that the Graf Spee received as many as 60 to 70 direct hits in the fighting. Additionally, her ammunition stores were low and both of her oil purification and water desalination systems were completely ruined - making a return trip home to Germany a near-impossibility.

The vessel therefore ended up in nearby neutral Montevideo, Uruguay, the idea being that the ship could be made seaworthy again. While in harbor, the British Navy had convinced the Germans through deliberately-intercepted radio transmissions that there was a sizeable nearby force awaiting their return to sea. This eventually left the Graf Spee captain with two decisions - make a suicide run towards friendly Argentina or scuttle the boat where she lay. The decision was ultimately made to scuttle the ship and, due to the neutral state of Uruguay, the Graf Spee crew had 72 hours on their side before the vessel would be turned over. This time was spent removing the injured and wiring explosives.

On December 17th, 1939 the crew of the Graf Spee began the scuttle process. When all was readied, the remaining crew were taken prisoner and the Graf Spee was blown up on December 18th. However, her captain (Langsdorff) elected to kill himself in macabre honorary fashion on December 20th, taking the full blame for the failure of the Graf Spee and not wanting to face his homeland Germany in disgrace. The Graf Spee's participation in World War 2 had officially ended.

The wreckage of the Graf Spee is known today and a painstaking endeavor to raise the ship began in 2004.


Arado Ar 196 of Kreuzer Prinz Eugen

Post by Aziraphale » 19 Apr 2004, 22:43

I'd like to know more about the aircraft on board "Prinz Eugen".
Is there any list which aircraft (W.Nr., codes, types) have been on the ship and perhaps some further information on the pilots?

The real question I'd like to get an answer to is: Which aircraft (and crews) took part in night fighting in the vicinity of Libau in summer 1944? Reportedly they hunter Russian Po-2 which were too slow to be effectively hunted with other German night fighting aircraft.

Post by Erich » 20 Apr 2004, 01:34

Post by Aziraphale » 20 Apr 2004, 07:27

Thanks - but I meant the Ar 196 (although any Ju 88 reference material is welcome as well)!

Post by varjag » 20 Apr 2004, 12:37

Used at night.

Post by Edward L. Hsiao » 22 Apr 2004, 08:15

In one classic book about the German Night Fighter Force by Gerhard Adler,all three of the float planes from the heavy cruiser Prinz Eugen were used as night fighters indeed. Unfortunately the book didn't mention of any successes against Soviet night intruders.

Post by Aziraphale » 22 Apr 2004, 22:45

@varjag: A very interesting question I didn't ponder before. Anybody got information on night water landings?

@Edward: The book is by Gebhard Aders (not Gerhard Adler - was looking up that name furiously until I realised the typing error. ) and has been my initial source.

Oh Brother!

Post by Edward L. Hsiao » 23 Apr 2004, 00:26

I'm so sorry that I made a typing mistake on the German author's first and last name. I knew who he was and thought I spell his name right but I was wrong. By the way the Arado Ar 196 was certainly a multi-purpose floatplane. Germany may not had any aircraft carriers in service but these Ar 196's from the Prinz Eugen and other big ships were really useful for defensive and offensive purposes.

Re: Arado Ar 196 of Kreuzer Prinz Eugen

Post by brustcan » 23 Apr 2004, 19:47

I'd like to know more about the aircraft on board "Prinz Eugen".
Is there any list which aircraft (W.Nr., codes, types) have been on the ship and perhaps some further information on the pilots?

The real question I'd like to get an answer to is: Which aircraft (and crews) took part in night fighting in the vicinity of Libau in summer 1944? Reportedly they hunter Russian Po-2 which were too slow to be effectively hunted with other German night fighting aircraft.


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Im building a bismark model kit and ive been itching to make one of these to land on water slow down to 100 mph then touch down ive added hidden air brakes to help land faster before water takeoff retract landing gear. The Arado Ar 196 was a shipboard reconnaissance low-wing monoplane aircraft built by the German firm of Arado starting in 1936. The next year it was selected as the winner of a design contest and became the standard aircraft of the Kriegsmarine (German navy) throughout World War II.


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During the late 1960s, the United States learned that the Soviet Union had embarked upon a massive Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) buildup designed to reach parity with the United States. In January 1967, President Lyndon Johnson announced that the Soviet Union had begun to construct a limited Anti-Ballistic Missile (ABM) defense system around Moscow. The development of an ABM system could allow one side to launch a first strike and then prevent the other from retaliating by shooting down incoming missiles.

Johnson therefore called for strategic arms limitations talks (SALT), and in 1967, he and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin met at Glassboro State College in New Jersey. Johnson said they must gain “control of the ABM race,” and Secretary of Defense Robert McNamara argued that the more each reacted to the other’s escalation, the more they had chosen “an insane road to follow.” While abolition of nuclear weapons would be impossible, limiting the development of both offensive and defensive strategic systems would stabilize U.S.-Soviet relations.

Johnson’s successor, Richard Nixon , also believed in SALT, and on November 17, 1969, the formal SALT talks began in Helsinki, Finland. Over the next two and a half years, the two sides haggled over whether or not each nation should complete their plans for ABMs verification of a treaty and U.S. concern that the Soviets continued to build more Submarine-Launched Ballistic Missiles (SLBMs). Nixon and Soviet General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev signed the ABM Treaty and interim SALT agreement on May 26, 1972, in Moscow.

For the first time during the Cold War, the United States and Soviet Union had agreed to limit the number of nuclear missiles in their arsenals. SALT I is considered the crowning achievement of the Nixon-Kissinger strategy of détente. The ABM Treaty limited strategic missile defenses to 200 interceptors each and allowed each side to construct two missile defense sites, one to protect the national capital, the other to protect one ICBM field. (For financial and strategic reasons, the United States stopped construction of each by the end of the decade.)

Negotiations for a second round of SALT began in late 1972. Since SALT I did not prevent each side from enlarging their forces through the deployment of Multiple Independently Targeted Re-Entry Vehicles (MIRVs) onto their ICBMs and SLBMs, SALT II initially focused on limiting, and then ultimately reducing, the number of MIRVs. Negotiations also sought to prevent both sides from making qualitative breakthroughs that would again destabilize the strategic relationship. The negotiations spanned the Nixon, Gerald Ford, and Jimmy Carter administrations.

At the November 1974 Vladivostok Summit, Ford and Brezhnev agreed on the basic framework of a SALT II agreement. This included a 2,400 limit on strategic nuclear delivery vehicles (ICBMs, SLBMs, and heavy bombers) for each side a 1,320 limit on MIRV systems a ban on new land-based ICBM launchers and limits on deployment of new types of strategic offensive arms.

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German Aircraft of WWII

German aircraft designs were consistently among the most advanced and successful of the war. Of all the nations, Germany was the first to begin to make significant use of jet aircraft, although these nevertheless came too late in the war and in insufficient quantity to have a decisive effect on the course of the air war. The Luftwaffe (German air force) had a few advocates for the production of large four-engine bombers, most notably the prewar chief of staff general Walther Wever. However, with his death in April 1936, the idea of a strategic role for the Luftwaffe also died, and the German air force instead adopted the basic doctrine that bombers should be used tactically to support the ground troops directly by striking targets on or near the battlefield. By the time the war began, German bombers were used strategically to bomb civilian targets, especially London and other English cities during the Battle of Britain. However, because of prevailing Luftwaffe doctrine, Germany, unlike the United States and Great Britain, produced no significant four-engine bombers. Abortive plans were made for the “Amerika” bomber, a spectacular aircraft of intercontinental range, but nothing came of the project.


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