The story



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Persian Culture and Religion

In art, the Persians received great influence from the Egyptians and the Mesopotamians. They built platforms and terraces, using brightly colored enamel bricks.

At the religious level, they were distinguished by a religion that is still practiced today in some parts of the world: Zoroastrianism. Its founder, Zoroaster (hence the name of the religion), lived between 628 and 551 BC.

According to the basic principles of Zoroastrianism, there are two forces in constant struggle: good and evil. The god of goodness is Hormuz, who is not represented by images and has fire as his symbol; the evil god is Arimã, represented by a serpent.

According to Zoroastrianism, the duty of the people is to do good and justice, so that on Judgment Day Hormuz will be victorious, and so good will prevail over evil. Moreover, to the good was reserved eternal life in paradise.

Many of the values ​​of Zoroastrianism were eventually adopted by other religions. In Christianity, for example, the ideas of the Last Judgment and paradise and the dichotomy between good and evil are present.

This religion was based on sincerity among people and was transcribed in the holy book Avesta. The emperor was almost a god, for, according to belief, he ruled by order of god.

The decay of the empire

The seizure of the Bosphorus and Dardanelles in the Black Sea by Persian forces undermined the intense Greek trade in the region. The climate of tension between several Greek cities and the Persian empire turned into a long war. In 490 BC Darius tried to invade Greece, but was defeated by the Greeks at the Battle of Marathon. Darius died and the power passed to his son Xerxes, who continued the fight against Greece, being defeated in 480 and 479 BC in the battles of Salamis and Plateia.

After successive defeats, the Persians were forced to withdraw and recognize Greek hegemony in the Aegean Sea and Asia Minor (Lydia). With the weakening of the empire, several satrapy revolted against Persian rule. Internally the struggle for power became more and more violent. However, during the Peloponnese War (between Athens and Sparta) the Persians again seized Asia Minor.

With the assassination of Darius III, one of the empire's last successors, Alexander the Great dominated all of Persia and its satrapias and annexed them to the Greek-Macedonian empire.